Dual effect of insulin-like growth factor on the apical 70-pS K channel in the thick ascending limb of rat kidney.
ABSTRACT We used the patch-clamp technique to study the effect of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) on the apical 70-pS K channel in the isolated thick ascending limb (TAL) of the rat kidney. The isolated TAL was cut open to gain access to the apical membrane. Addition of 25 nM IGF-I stimulates the apical 70-pS K channel and increases channel activity, defined by the product of channel open probability and channel number, from 0.31 to 1.21. The stimulatory effect of IGF-I is not mediated by nitric oxide- or protein tyrosine phosphatase-dependent mechanisms, because inhibition of nitric oxide synthase or blocking protein tyrosine phosphatase did not abolish the stimulatory effect of IGF-I on the 70-pS K channel. In contrast, inhibition of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase with PD-98059 or U0126 abolished the stimulatory effect of IGF-I. This suggests that MAP kinase is responsible for mediating the effect of IGF-I on the apical K channels. Moreover, the effect of IGF-I on the apical 70-pS K channel is biphasic because high concentrations (>200 nM) inhibit apical 70-pS K channels. Application of 400 nM IGF-I decreased channel activity from 1.45 to 0.2. The inhibitory effect of IGF-I is not blocked by calphostin C (an inhibitor of PKC), but inhibition of protein tyrosine kinase with herbimycin A abolished the IGF-induced inhibition. We conclude that IGF-I has a dual effect on the apical 70-pS K channel in the TAL: low concentrations of IGF-I stimulate, whereas high concentrations inhibit the channel activity. The stimulatory effect of IGF-I is mediated by a MAP kinase-dependent pathway, whereas the inhibitory effect is the result of stimulation of protein tyrosine kinase.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study is to test the hypothesis that insulin-like-growth factor-1 (IGF-1) plays a role in the regulation of basolateral Cl channels in the thick ascending limb (TAL). The patch-clamp experiments demonstrated that application of IGF-I or insulin inhibited the basolateral 10-pS Cl channels. However, the concentration of insulin required for the inhibition of the Cl channels by 50% (K(1/2)) was ten times higher than those of IGF-1. The inhibitory effect of IGF-I on the 10-pS Cl channels was blocked by suppressing protein tyrosine kinase or by blocking phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K). In contrast, inhibition of phospholipase C (PLC) failed to abolish the inhibitory effect of IGF-1 on the Cl channels in the TAL. Western blot analysis demonstrated that IGF-1 significantly increased the phosphorylation of phospholipid-dependent kinase (PDK) at serine residue 241 (Ser(241)) and AKT at Ser(473) in the isolated medullary TAL. Moreover, inhibition of PI3K with LY294002 abolished the effect of IGF-1 on the phosphorylation of PDK and AKT. The notion that the effect of IGF-1 on the 10-pS Cl channels was induced by stimulation of PDK-AKT-mTOR pathway was further suggested by the finding that rapamycin completely abolished the effect of IGF-1 on the 10-pS Cl channels in the TAL. We conclude that IGF-1 inhibits the basolateral Cl channels by activating PI3K-AKT-mTOR pathways. The inhibitory effect of IGF-1 on the Cl channels may play a role in ameliorating the ischemia-induced renal injury through IGF-1 administration.Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 05/2012; 1823(7):1163-9. · 4.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis is fundamentally important in cell growth, development and cancer. We used genomic technologies to better characterize the activity of the IGF axis in human breast cancer and to identify predictors of response to IGF targeted therapies. Analysis of the gene expression patterns and pathway analysis in 204 clinically annotated primary breast cancers were performed and compared to levels of mRNA for IGF ligands and receptors. Pathway activation scores were calculated by Pearson correlation (+1, -1). Network analysis was performed using Ingenuity software. IGF-1 ligand levels were strongly negatively correlated (P < 10⁻⁶) with a published IGF-IR activation signature.A signature of high IGF-1 ligand was associated with better prognosis (P = 0.025-1.5 x 10⁻⁸) in several public datasets. Pathway analysis revealed upregulation of pathways associated with breast differentiation (adipocyte growth factors, PPAR-gamma) and down-regulation of proliferation pathways (AKT/MAPK) in the IGF-1 ligand high group. Of note, the IGF-1 ligand signature was anti-correlated with IGFIR receptor levels (P = 0.07). In conclusion, a breast tumor-derived signature of high IGF-1 ligand is associated with favorable outcome, in contrast to a previously reported IGF-IR activation signature. The prognostic value of the IGF-I ligand signature is validated in three independent datasets. These signatures should be applied in study of IGF1-R targeted therapy.Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 02/2012; 133(1):321-31. · 4.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The effect of IGF-1 in the human pleural permeability and the underlying mechanisms involved were investigated. DESIGN: Specimens from thoracic surgical patients were mounted in Ussing chambers. Solutions containing IGF-1 (1nM-100nM) and IGF-1 Receptor Inhibitor (1μΜ), amiloride 10μM (Na(+) channel blocker) and ouabain 1mM (Na(+)-K(+) pump inhibitor) were used in order to investigate receptor and ion transporter involvement respectively. Trans-mesothelial Resistance (R(TM)) across the pleural membrane was determined as a permeability indicator. Immunohistochemistry for IGF-1 receptors was performed. RESULTS: IGF-1 increased R(TM) when added on the interstitial surface for all concentrations (p=.008, 1nM-100nM) and decreased it on the mesothelial surface for higher concentrations (p=.046, 100nM). Amiloride and ouabain inhibited this effect. The IGF-1 Receptor Inhibitor also totally inhibited this effect. Immonuhistochemistry demonstrated the presence of IGF-1 receptors in the pleura. CONCLUSIONS: It is concluded that IGF-1 changes the electrophysiology of the human parietal pleura by hindering the normal ion transportation and therefore the pleural fluid recycling process. This event is achieved after IGF-1 interaction with its receptor which is present in the human pleura.Growth hormone & IGF research: official journal of the Growth Hormone Research Society and the International IGF Research Society 11/2012; · 2.35 Impact Factor