Article

Mixed tumors of the vagina: an immunohistochemical study of 13 cases with emphasis on the cell of origin and potential aid in differential diagnosis.

James Homer Wright Pathology Laboratories, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA.
Modern Pathology (Impact Factor: 6.36). 11/2004; 17(10):1243-50. DOI: 10.1038/modpathol.3800173
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Mixed tumors of the vagina (MTsV) are rare benign neoplasms characterized by an admixture of well-differentiated epithelial cells and stromal-type cells in various proportions. In contrast to mixed tumors in other anatomic sites, the histogenesis of the vaginal tumors is unclear. We studied the immunohistochemical profile of 13 examples to explore their histogenesis and determine whether their immunohistochemical profile might be useful in the differential diagnosis. The panel of antibodies used and the number of cases studied were: AE1/3 (12), cytokeratin 7 (CK7) (13), cytokeratin 20 (CK20) (13), epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) (13), muscle actin (MA) (12), desmin (11), h-Caldesmon (13), CD10 (13), CD34 (11), CD99 (8), and S-100 (7). Eight out of 12 tumors were positive for AE1/3, 7/13 for CK7, 2/13 for CK20, and 6/13 for EMA. MA was positive in 11/12 mixed tumors, desmin in 10/11 tumors and h-Caldesmon in 5/13. All tumors were extensively positive for CD10; CD34 was positive in 7/11; and none out of eight tumors showed membranous CD99 staining. Focal S-100 immunoreactivity was seen in 1/7 tumors. These results show that MTsV coexpress epithelial and mesenchymal markers. The expression of muscle actin (usually extensive), and focal desmin and h-Caldesmon positivity suggests the presence of a smooth muscle or myoepithelial component; however, the S-100 negativity and diffuse CD10 expression argue against it. Positivity for muscle markers does not help distinguish MTsV from smooth muscle or skeletal muscle tumors. The frequent expression of CD10 negates its use in the differential diagnosis with endometrial stromal tumors, and the CD10 and CD34 expression suggests that mixed tumors may arise from a primitive pluripotential cell. MTsV are positive for h-Caldesmon and CD10, two markers that have been used in gynecologic pathology primarily to aid in establishing the smooth muscle or endometrial stromal phenotype of a neoplasm.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
51 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Antecedentes: Los mioepiteliomas, son tumores poco frecuentes originados a partir de la proliferación de células mioepiteliales. La mayor parte localizados en las extremidades inferiores y en glándulas salivales. Existen ocasionales informes previos de MEP que involucren la vagina. Objetivo: Describir un caso de mioepitelioma localizado en vagina. Caso clínico: Embarazada de 29 años edad, quien presenta una masa vaginal de un año de evolución, localizada en el himen. El examen histopatológico muestra una lesión compuesta por células fusiformes con positividad inmunohistoquímica para vimentina, citoqueratinas (CK) AE1/ AE3, S100, CD10, receptores de estrógenos y progesterona, Bcl2 y calponina y negatividad para desmina, actina muscular especifica, actina de músculo liso y p63. Con los anteriores hallazgos se interpreta la lesión como un mioepitelioma primario vaginal. Conclusión: Los mioepiteliomas son tumores que requieren para su diagnostico, análisis con técnicas de inmunohistoquímica o ultraestructurales que permitan diferenciarlos de otros tumores.
    Revista Chilena de Obstetricia y Ginecologia 12/2011; 77(2):143-147. DOI:10.4067/S0717-75262012000200011
  • Annales de Pathologie 08/2013; 33(4):294-6. DOI:10.1016/j.annpat.2013.06.006 · 0.29 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The so-called mixed tumors occur in a variety of sites throughout the body. While most cases are encountered in the salivary glands, several cases have been described in the female genital tract. A variety of monikers have been applied to this lesion including "spindle cell epithelioma." As in other locations, the vaginal spindle cell epithelioma (VSE) consists of a proliferation of both epithelial and mesenchymal components. Based on our extensive review of the literature, we present the 53rd reported case of VSE. More significantly, we present the most up-to-date review of this lesion, including its immunohistochemical and electron microscopic features. We also review the theories pertaining to its histogenesis incorporating current embryologic data, which together suggest a Müllerian derivation.
    Pathology - Research and Practice 06/2012; 208(7):424-32. DOI:10.1016/j.prp.2012.05.005 · 1.56 Impact Factor

Preview

Download
1 Download
Available from