Recognition of late-life depression in home care: accuracy of the outcome and assessment information set.
ABSTRACT This study evaluated the accuracy of home care nurses' ratings of the Outcome and Assessment Information Set (OASIS) depression items. The accuracy of home care nurses' depression assessments was studied by comparing nurse ratings of OASIS depression items with a research diagnostic assessment based on the Structured Clinical Interview for Axis I Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (SCID). The setting for this study was a nonprofit, Medicare-certified, voluntary home healthcare agency. Sixty-four home care nurses assessed 220 patients aged 65 and older with the OASIS upon admission. Of the 220 patients, using standard SCID criteria, 35 cases of major or minor depression were identified. The home care nurses accurately documented the presence of depression in 13 of 35 cases (sensitivity=37.1%; positive predictive value=0.56). Of the 220 patients, 185 had no SCID-identified major or minor depression. The nurses agreed on the absence of depression in 175 of 185 cases (specificity=94.6%; negative predictive value=88.8%). This study indicates that home care nurses often do not accurately rate OASIS depression items for older adult patients.
- SourceAvailable from: ncbi.nlm.nih.govHome healthcare nurse 01/2011; 29(7):416-26.
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ABSTRACT: Published studies indicate that depression in older adults is severely under-recognized and under-treated. To characterize primary-care physicians' decisions to prescribe antidepressants to older patients with depression. Electronic medical record (EMR) notes from office visits of older patients (aged ≥65 years), treated in a central Massachusetts multi-specialty medical group practice, were screened every 2 weeks between August 2007 and July 2008 for mention of depression. Electronic surveys containing questions about depression severity and onset, and antidepressant treatment, were sent to physicians whose EMR notes indicated that they had treated an older patient with depression, until approximately 400 responses had been received. Physicians were asked about whether they prescribed antidepressants or made changes to antidepressant treatment and were asked about the extent to which they agreed with a set of pre-specified reasons for treatment recommendations. Physicians were also allowed to document any other reasons that influenced their decision. Patient characteristics and treatment were identified from administrative claims. Univariate analyses were used to describe patient characteristics and physician survey responses. Physicians responded to the survey and confirmed a depression diagnosis for 396 patients, for whom the average age was 77.1 years and 76.5% were female. Most patients had physician-reported depression onset after age 60 years (72.2%) and moderately severe depression (58.8%). Physicians reported that 62.9% of patients were already being treated with antidepressants prior to their visit, 28.5% were recommended antidepressant initiation and 8.6% were not prescribed antidepressants. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors were most frequently prescribed. Maintaining prior therapy was recommended for 81.1% of treated patients and treatment modification for 18.9%. Almost all physicians (>92%) agreed that experience in use of prescription drugs, safety/tolerability and patient improvement influenced their decision to maintain prior therapy or recommend new therapy. 85.8% of physicians agreed that availability of efficacy data in the elderly influenced their decision to prescribe new therapy. 38.9% of patients who were recommended new therapy initiation did not fill an antidepressant prescription. Despite previous reports of under-treatment of depression in the elderly, this study suggests that physicians are comfortable prescribing antidepressants to the elderly, and the majority of older patients with depression were prescribed antidepressants. Rather than a physician's prescribing decision, it may be patient factors, such as refusal to accept diagnosis/treatment and noncompliance, that may lead to under-treatment--approximately 40% of patients who were recommended new antidepressant therapy did not fill an antidepressant prescription.Drugs & Aging 01/2011; 28(1):51-62. · 2.50 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background: Depressive symptoms in older home care clients are common but poorly recognized and treated, resulting in adverse health outcomes, premature institutionalization, and costly use of health services. The objectives of this study were to examine the feasibility and acceptability of a new six-month interprofessional (IP) nurse-led mental health promotion intervention, and to explore its effects on reducing depressive symptoms in older home care clients (≥ 70 years) using personal support services. Methods: A prospective one-group pre-test/post-test study design was used. The intervention was a six-month evidence-based depression care management strategy led by a registered nurse that used an IP approach. Of 142 eligible consenting participants, 98 (69%) completed the six-month and 87 (61%) completed the one-year follow-up. Outcomes included depressive symptoms, anxiety, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and the costs of use of all types of health services at baseline and six-month and one-year follow-up. An interpretive descriptive design was used to explore clients', nurses', and personal support workers' perceptions about the intervention's appropriateness, benefits, and barriers and facilitators to implementation. Results: Of the 142 participants, 56% had clinically significant depressive symptoms, with 38% having moderate to severe symptoms. The intervention was feasible and acceptable to older home care clients with depressive symptoms. It was effective in reducing depressive symptoms and improving HRQoL at six-month follow-up, with small additional improvements six months after the intervention. The intervention also reduced anxiety at one year follow-up. Significant reductions were observed in the use of hospitalization, ambulance services, and emergency room visits over the study period.BMC Geriatrics 05/2014; · 2.34 Impact Factor