Neoplastic cells do not carry bcl2-JH rearrangements detected in a subset of primary cutaneous follicle center B-cell lymphomas.
ABSTRACT Whether primary cutaneous follicular lymphoma (PCFL) may or not represent a cutaneous equivalent to nodal follicular lymphoma (FL) is not determined. We have therefore investigated a series of PCFL to determine if tumoral cells carry or not the t(14;18)(q32;q21) translocation, a cytogenetic hallmark of nodal FL. Thirty cases of PFCL were selected according to the criteria of both the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer and the World Health Organization with 21 cases classified as grade 1 or 2 and 9 cases as grade 3. First, cutaneous tumors were studied by PCR for the amplification of bcl-2/JH rearrangements and by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization using a dual color probe spanning t(14;18) breakpoints. Second, we tried to determine the origin of bcl2-JH-positive cells by a parallel bcl2-JH and immunoglobulin heavy chain gene amplification of blood mononuclear cells DNA and of DNA extracted from single microdissected B cells. Bcl2-JH rearrangements were amplified by PCR in skin of 9 of 30 (30%) patients with a similar-sized bcl2-JH rearrangement detected in the blood of 7 of these 9 cases. No t(14;18) breakpoint was detected by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis of 11 bcl2-JH-negative and 5 bcl2-JH-positive PCFL in contrast with its detection in the secondary cutaneous FL and in the nodal FL cases. Single-cell/multigene analysis showed that no single monoclonal B cells of PCFL carried the bcl2-JH rearrangement. Bystander or nontumoral t(14;18)+ B cells emigrating from blood may account for the detection of bcl2-JH rearrangements within PCFL material. Our study also underlines the diagnostic value of interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization to discriminate between t(14;18)-negative PCFL and extracutaneous FL involving the skin.
Value in Health 11/2005; 8(6). DOI:10.1016/S1098-3015(10)67282-8 · 2.89 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To study the diagnostic value of BCL2 rearrangement in follicle center lymphoma (FCL) presenting as primary skin lesions, evaluate its prevalence and the prognostic value in primary cutaneous FCL (PCFCL), and assess prognostic factors in PCFCL. Fifty-three patients with a cutaneous presentation of FCL without a history of nodal lymphoma were selected retrospectively. Clinical and histologic data were collected together with staging and follow-up data. A fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) test for BCL2 split probes was performed on skin biopsy specimens. Initial staging procedures identified 47 PCFCLs and six cases of secondary skin involvement of FCL (SSIFCL). FISH detected seven cases carrying a BCL2 rearrangement: four (8.5%) of 47 PCFCLs and three (50%) of six SSIFCLs. These seven cases coexpressed BCL2 and CD10. In PCFCL, cutaneous relapse rate was 42.6%. A small/medium centrocytic cell population was associated with a higher probability of skin relapse in univariate (P = .008) and multivariate (P = .028) analysis, and BCL2 rearrangement detection was associated with secondary extracutaneous spreading (P = .05). We observed that BCL2 rearrangement in PCFCL is rare, associated with initial positivity of staging (diagnostic value) or with secondary extracutaneous spreading (prognostic value). In selected cases with BCL2-CD10 coexpression, FISH testing could detect patients with poor outcome and require closer monitoring. Copyright© by the American Society for Clinical Pathology.American Journal of Clinical Pathology 03/2015; 143(3):362-73. DOI:10.1309/AJCP4SUBR4NPSPTN · 3.01 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Primary cutaneous follicle center lymphoma (PCFCL) is the most frequent cutaneous B‐cell lymphoma. A 62‐year‐old man presented with a solitary indolent subcutaneous nodule for 3 years duration, without other abnormalities. Histological examination showed lymphoproliferation with a nodular growth pattern characterized by fibrous collagen bands surrounding nodules. The nodules were composed of medium‐sized centrocytes admixed with many large multilobulated and lacunar cells without eosinophils or granulomatous aspect. Hodgkin‐like cells were CD30+, CD15+, PAX5+, OCT2+, BOB1+, MUM1+, Ki67+, Bcl6+ and focally CD20+ and EMA−, CD79a−, Bcl2− and CD10−. The medium‐sized cells were CD20+, CD79a+, Bcl2+, Bcl6+ and CD10+, enmeshed in a network of CD21‐positive follicular dendritic cells. Epstein‐Barr virus detection was negative. Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization showed the absence of BCL2 or BCL6 rearrangement. In such a case, the presence of Hodgkin‐like cells intermixed with the tumor population may result in a pitfall diagnosis of classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL). Differential diagnoses to be ruled out are secondary or primary skin localization of rather CHL, or systemic follicular lymphoma. Several clinical, radiological, histological, immunohistochemical and molecular arguments indicated the diagnosis of PCFCL. To our knowledge, this is the first report of PCFCL with Hodgkin‐like cells.Journal of Cutaneous Pathology 08/2014; 41(10). DOI:10.1111/cup.12379 · 1.56 Impact Factor