Increased postoperative peritoneal adhesion formation after the treatment of experimental peritonitis with chlorhexidine.
ABSTRACT Chlorhexidine is known as a substance that produces adhesions. However, in an experimental model of peritoneal injury, lavage with chlorhexidine and saline solutions produced a similar number of adhesions. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that chlorhexidine gluconate 0.05% solution used for the treatment of peritonitis increases formation of postoperative peritoneal adhesions as compared to standard lavage with saline solution.
Forty Wistar rats were randomly allocated to gastric or faecal peritonitis groups. In each group rats were further randomly subdivided into saline or chlorhexidine peritoneal lavage groups. After 30 days the rats were killed and intraperitoneal adhesions were evaluated by adhesion score and grading.
Adhesion scores were statistically significantly different between saline and chlorhexidine groups in both gastric and faecal peritonitis models. In the faecal peritonitis chlorhexidine group a 20% small bowel intussusception rate was observed, while there were no such complications in the other study groups. The conglomerate of organs formed by dense adhesions was present in 60% of cases when gastric peritonitis was lavaged by chlorhexidine and in only 10% when saline solution was used ( P<0.05). Neither chlorhexidine nor saline solutions have caused such dense adhesions in faecal peritonitis.
Peritoneal lavage with chlorhexidine gluconate 0.05% solution in the treatment of experimental peritonitis results in increased adhesion formation.
Article: The peritoneum: from histological studies to mesothelial transplant through animal experimentation.Peritoneal dialysis international: journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis 11/2008; 28 Suppl 5:S5-9. · 2.10 Impact Factor