Mott transition and suppression of orbital fluctuations in orthorhombic 3d(1) perovskites

INFM and Dipartimento di Fisica A. Volta, Università di Pavia, Via Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia, Italy.
Physical Review Letters (Impact Factor: 7.73). 05/2004; 92(17):176403. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.92.176403
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Using t(2g) Wannier functions, a low-energy Hamiltonian is derived for orthorhombic 3d(1) transition-metal oxides. Electronic correlations are treated with a new implementation of dynamical mean-field theory for noncubic systems. Good agreement with photoemission data is obtained. The interplay of correlation effects and cation covalency (GdFeO3-type distortions) is found to suppress orbital fluctuations in LaTiO3 and even more in YTiO3, and to favor the transition to the insulating state.

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    ABSTRACT: The compressive strain effects on the magnetic ground state and electronic structure of strained GdTiO 3 have been studied by the first-principles method. Different from the congeneric YTiO3 and LaTiO3 cases both of which becomes the A-type antiferromagnetism on the (001) LaAlO3 substrate despite their contrastive magnetism, the ground state of strained GdTiO3 on the LaAlO3 substrate changes from the original ferromagnetism to G-type antiferromagnetim, instead of the A-type one although Gd 3+ is between Y3+ and La3+. Only when the in-plane compressive strain is large enough, e.g. on the (001) YAlO3 substrate, the ground state finally becomes the A-type one. The band structure calculation shows that these compressive strained GdTiO3 remain insulating, although the band gap changes a little in these strained GdTiO3.
    Journal of Physics Condensed Matter 10/2014; 26(47). DOI:10.1088/0953-8984/26/47/476001 · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The diverse functionality emerging at oxide interfaces calls for a fundamental understanding of the mechanisms and control parameters of electronic reconstructions. Here, we explore the evolution of electronic phases in (LaAlO3)M/(SrTiO3)N(001) superlattices as a function of strain and confinement of the SrTiO3 quantum well. Density functional theory calculations including a Hubbard U term reveal a charge ordered Ti3+ and Ti4+ state for N=2 with an unanticipated orbital reconstruction, displaying alternating dxz and dyz character at the Ti3+ sites, unlike the previously reported dxy state, obtained only for reduced c-parameter at aSTO. At aLAO c-compression leads to a Dimer-Mott insulator with alternating dxz, dyz sites and an almost zero band gap. Beyond a critical thickness of N=3 (aSTO) and N=4 (aLAO) an insulator-to-metal transition takes place, where the extra e/2 electron at the interface is redistributed throughout the STO slab with a dxy interface orbital occupation and a mixed dxz + dyz occupation in the inner layers. Chemical variation of the SrTiO3 counterpart (LaAlO3 vs. NdGaO3) proves that the significant octahedral tilts and distortions in the STO quantum well are induced primarily by the electrostatic doping at the polar interface and not by variation of the STO counterpart.
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    ABSTRACT: Multiferroics are materials where two or more ferroic orders coexist owing to the interplay between spin, charge, lattice and orbital degrees of freedom. The explosive expansion of multiferroics literature in recent years demonstrates the fast growing interest in this field. In these studies, the first-principles calculation has played a pioneer role in the experiment explanation, mechanism discovery and prediction of novel multiferroics or magnetoelectric materials. In this review, we discuss, by no means comprehensively, the extensive applications and successful achievements of first-principles approach in the study of multiferroicity, magnetoelectric effect and tunnel junctions. In particular, we introduce some our recently developed methods, e.g., the orbital selective external potential method, which prove to be powerful tools in the finding of mechanisms responsible for the intriguing phenomena occurred in multiferroics or magnetoelectric materials. We also summarize first-principles studies on three types of electric control of magnetism, which is the common goal of both spintronics and multiferroics. Our review offers in depth understanding on the origin of ferroelectricity in transition metal oxides, and the coexistence of ferroelectricity and ordered magnetism, and might be helpful to explore novel multiferroic or magnetoelectric materials in the future.
    12/2014; DOI:10.1007/s11434-014-0628-4

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