Medication Nonadherence and the outcomes of patients with quiescent ulcerative colitis

Department of Health Studies, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States
The American Journal of Medicine (Impact Factor: 5.3). 01/2003; 114(1):39-43. DOI: 10.1016/S0002-9343(02)01383-9
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We conducted a prospective study to determine the effects of nonadherence with mesalamine among patients with quiescent ulcerative colitis.
We followed a cohort of 99 consecutive patients who had ulcerative colitis in remission for more than 6 months and who were taking maintenance mesalamine. Medication adherence rates were calculated based on pharmacy records and a validated formula. Nonadherence was defined as refilling less than 80% of prescribed medication. Patients were followed prospectively and evaluated either in clinic or via telephone at 6, 12, and 24 months. The primary outcome was clinical recurrence of ulcerative colitis. Proportional hazards models were used to adjust for confounders.
At 6 months, 12 patients (12%) had clinical recurrence of disease symptoms, all of whom were nonadherent with medication. At 12 months, 19 of 86 patients had recurrent disease, 13 (68%) of whom were nonadherent. Patients who were not adherent with medication had more than a fivefold greater risk of recurrence than adherent patients (hazard ratio = 5.5; 95% confidence interval: 2.3 to 13; P < 0.001).
Nonadherence with medication increases the risk of clinical relapse among patients with quiescent ulcerative colitis. Future research should be directed at behavioral interventions to improve adherence.

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    ABSTRACT: Background Non-adherence to aminosalicylates is observed among 30% to 45% of patients with ulcerative colitis and increases the risk of relapse. The Health Belief Model is a theoretical model that could offer a broader perspective to improve patients¿ self-medication adherence. This study aimed to develop a screening instrument based on the Health Belief Model to screen patients with ulcerative colitis who had a high possibility of current non-adherence to aminosalicylates. The study was also designed to allow examination of factors of non-adherence.MethodsA multicenter, cross-sectional study was conducted in outpatients diagnosed with ulcerative colitis and prescribed aminosalicylates. Non-adherence was defined as taking less than 80% of the prescribed dose. We hypothesized that there was a significant relationship between current aminosalicylate non-adherence and five components of the HBM: beliefs about taking aminosalicylates, disease characteristics, medication characteristics, abdominal symptoms, and sociodemographic characteristics. A logistic regression model was applied and the coefficients converted to a numeric scores in order to develop a screening instrument which could reliably discriminate non-adherent and adherent subjects.ResultsNon-adherence was observed in 127 (29.6%) of the 429 enrolled subjects. Lower perceptions of belief in taking aminosalicylates, absence of visible bleeding, eight daily tablets or less taken, and no concomitant use of thiopurines were related to non-adherence. We then developed a screening instrument comprising 22 items. When the cut-off point was set at 60, the instrument showed 85.0% sensitivity and 69.2% specificity with an area under the curve of 0.84 (95% confidence interval¿=¿0.79¿0.91).Conclusions The instrument appeared to be reliable for identifying patients with a high possibility of current non-adherence to aminosalicylates. Further, the instrument may provide useful information for detecting patients with a high possibility of current non-adherence and for assessing factors of non-adherence. On the other hand, we need to evaluate disease activity more strictly and examine whether it is included in the screening instrument in the future.
    BMC Gastroenterology 12/2014; 14(1):220. DOI:10.1186/s12876-014-0220-z · 2.11 Impact Factor
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