Evidence for the interruption of transmission of lymphatic filariasis among schoolchildren in Trinidad and Tobago.

Caribbean Epidemiology Centre (CAREC), P.O. Box 164, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago.
Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (Impact Factor: 1.82). 09/2004; 98(8):473-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.trstmh.2003.11.006
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study was carried out to provide some evidence for the interruption of transmission of lymphatic filariasis (LF) among schoolchildren in Trinidad and Tobago. A cross-sectional survey for LF antigenaemia was performed among 63 (13.2%) of the 479 primary schools located in eight administrative (and geographical) regions of Trinidad and Tobago. From these communities, 2597 schoolchildren aged 6-12 years were sequentially selected for a survey of bancroftian antigenaemia. From each child, 100 microl (finger-prick) whole blood sample was applied to a Binax immunochromatographic card test (ICT), and read for the presence of antigenaemia. The ICT results showed a negative finding for LF antigenaemia and suggest that LF transmission has been interrupted in the survey areas.

1 Bookmark
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of filarial antigenemia (an indicator of adult worm burden) among 610 children, aged 3-15 years, was determined in three endemic villages of Khurda District, Orissa, India, during 2005. Prevalence of antigenemia, detected using Og4C3 circulating filarial antigen ELISA, was 32.6% compared with 10% microfilaraemia. Although the prevalence of antigenemia increased marginally with increase in age, no significant difference was observed among the children of different age groups (28.3% in 3-5 years, 31.5% in 6-10 years and 35.2% in 11-15 years), indicating that the adult worm burdens did not vary much according to the age of the study children. Gender did not influence the prevalence of antigenemia. The study emphasizes the advantage of using the circulating filarial antigen assay for detecting true filarial infection and demonstrates a high prevalence of antigenemia among the 610 children studied.
    Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 10/2008; 103(3):262-5. · 1.82 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ongoing transmission of lymphatic filariasis (LF) was assessed in five Samoan villages by measuring microfilaraemia (Mf), circulating filarial antigen (CFA) and antibody prevalence. Compared to the other villages, Fasitoo-Tai had a significantly higher Mf prevalence (3·2%), CFA prevalence (14·6%) and antibody prevalence in children (62·0%) (P<0·05). Puapua had a significantly lower CFA prevalence (2·5%), no detectable Mf-positive individuals and significantly low antibody prevalence in children (7·9%) (P<0·05). Siufaga, previously believed to be LF-free, recorded >1% CFA prevalence and a high antibody prevalence in children (46·6%). Overall, antibody prevalence in children appeared to reflect the transmission dynamics in the villages and, in Siufaga, identified an area of ongoing transmission. The Filariasis Cellabs Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (CELISA), based on recombinant antigen Bm14, to detect antibodies, could potentially be a promising diagnostic tool for inclusion in future surveillance in the South Pacific.
    Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 12/2011; 105(8):567-78. · 1.31 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Human population migration is a common phenomenon in developing countries. Four categories of migration-endemic to nonendemic areas, rural to urban areas, non-MDA areas to areas that achieved lymphatic filariasis (LF) control/elimination, and across borders-are relevant to LF elimination efforts. In many situations, migrants from endemic areas may not be able to establish active transmission foci and cause infection in local people in known nonendemic areas or countries. Urban areas are at risk of a steady inflow of LF-infected people from rural areas, necessitating prolonged intervention measures or leading to a prolonged "residual microfilaraemia phase." Migration-facilitated reestablishment of transmission in areas that achieved significant control or elimination of LF appears to be difficult, but such risk can not be excluded, particularly in areas with efficient vector-parasite combination. Transborder migration poses significant problems in some countries. Listing of destinations, in endemic and nonendemic regions/countries, and formulation of guidelines for monitoring the settlements and the infection status of migrants can strengthen the LF elimination efforts.
    PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 03/2013; 7(3):e2079. · 4.57 Impact Factor