Article

Mazabraud's syndrome: intramuscular myxoma associated with fibrous dysplasia.

Department of Pathology, Sisli Etfal Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, 81160, Turkey.
Pathology & Oncology Research (Impact Factor: 1.81). 02/2004; 10(2):121-3. DOI: 10.1007/BF02893467
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The association of fibrous dysplasia and intramuscular myxoma is a rare disease known as Mazabraud's syndrome. Both lesions tend to occur in the same anatomical region. The relationship between fibrous dysplasia and myxoma remains unclear, where an underlying localized error in tissue metabolism has been proposed to explain this occasional coexistence. Another example of this syndrome in a 52 year-old woman is reported. The patient presented with a soft tissue mass at the anteromedial mid part of the left thigh. After excision of the mass, three separate bone lesions were detected in her control MRI. The soft tissue mass was misdiagnosed as liposarcoma in another center, and the bone lesions were interpreted as metastasis. The hypocellularity and the indistinct vascular pattern of the lesion were consistent with myxoma. The Jam-Shidi needle biopsies of the osseous lesions were diagnosed as fibrous dysplasia. The recognition of this entity is important for appropriate management of the patient. Patients with soft tissue myxomas should be thoroughly examined for fibrous dysplasia. The greater risk of sarcomatous transformation in fibrous dysplasia with Mazabraud's syndrome should also be kept in mind.

1 Bookmark
 · 
212 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: GNAS (guanine nucleotide-binding protein/α-subunit) mutations that induce the activation of G-protein α-subunit participate in the pathogenesis of fibrous dysplasia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of GNAS mutations in fibrous dysplasia and other fibro-osseous lesions, to assess the value of investigating this mutation in the diagnosis of fibro-osseous lesions. We studied 91 cases of fibrous dysplasia. The quality and/or quantity of genomic DNA were suitable for molecular analysis for 51 cases of fibrous dysplasia. GNAS mutations were investigated by three techniques: high-resolution melting (exon 8), allele-specific PCR (exons 8 and 9) and/or direct DNA sequencing (exons 8 and 9). Fibrous dysplasia samples were classified blind to the GNAS mutation status into six histological subtypes as conventional, fibro-involutive, osteosclerosing, cementifying, osteocartilaginous and with prominent aneurysmal cystic changes. We also studied 14 cases of low-grade osteosarcoma, 21 cases of ossifying fibroma, 3 cases of osteofibrous dysplasia, 1 case of osseous dysplasia of the jawbone and 1 post-traumatic lesion of the ribs. Twenty-three cases of fibrous dysplasia (45%) showed mutations of codon 201 (exon 8, p.R201H or p.R201C). No mutation was found on codon 227 (exon 9). GNAS mutations in conventional fibrous dysplasia were detected in the same proportion (47%) as in the other histological subtypes (47%, P=0.96), regardless of sex (P=0.44), age (P=0.90) and location (P=1). GNAS mutations were not detected in any other fibro-osseous lesions. The GNAS mutation was thus specific to fibrous dysplasia in the context of fibro-osseous lesions. The particular mosaicism of mutant and non-mutant cells within the lesion or the existence of other mutations not already described could explain the lack of GNAS mutation in cases of fibrous dysplasia. Investigating this mutation may constitute a valuable complementary diagnostic tool, despite its low sensitivity, particularly in unconventional morphologically different subtypes of fibrous dysplasia.
    Modern Pathology 02/2013; 26. DOI:10.1038/modpathol.2012.223 · 6.36 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A 25 year old lady presented with pain and swelling of left thigh. On examination she was found to have tenderness of left femur with a separate soft tissue swelling within the thigh muscle. Further evaluation revealed expansile bony lesion on X-ray of left tibia and multiple hot spots on bone scan suggestive of fibrous dysplasia. The soft tissue swelling on excision and histopathological examination was found to be intramuscular myxoma. The combination of the above two, called Mazabraud syndrome is being reported.
    07/2013; 17(4):740-2. DOI:10.4103/2230-8210.113773
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mazabraud's syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by the association of single or multiple intramuscular myxomas with fibrous dysplasia. Here, we present the first case of Mazabraud's syndrome visualized on 18F-FDG PET/CT with histopathological confirmation of the myxoma. Our case demonstrates a slightly increased FDG uptake (SUVmax 2.1) within the myxomas and a moderately to highly increased tracer uptake (SUVmax 7.0) within the fibrous dysplastic lesions. The typical histological appearance of the intramuscular myxoma confirmed the radiological diagnosis. Further, we discuss the imaging findings and the histopathological features of this rare case with a review of the related literature.
    07/2013; 2(4):2047981613492532. DOI:10.1177/2047981613492532

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
98 Downloads
Available from
May 26, 2014