Circulating cytokines during early pregnancy in women with recurrent spontaneous abortion: decreased TNF-alpha levels in abortion with normal chromosome karyotype.
ABSTRACT The aim of the present study was to assess whether or not serum cytokine concentrations during early pregnancy are related to the subsequent outcomes in women with recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA).
Serum concentrations of five cytokines--tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interferon (IFN)-gamma, interleukin (IL)-4, IL-6, and IL-10--were measured by ELISA methods. Sera were collected from 73 RSA women at 6-7 weeks of gestation. Of the 73 pregnancies, 10 subsequently ended in abortion with normal fetal chromosome karyotype (AbNK), 12 ended in abortion with abnormal karyotype (AbAK), and the other 51 pregnancies ended in live birth (Lb).
The serum TNF-alpha concentration in women with AbNK (mean 0 pg/ml) was lower than that in women with subsequent AbAK (0.06 pg/ml) (p < 0.05). The TNF-alpha positive percentage among women with AbNK (0%) was also lower than that among women with AbAK (50.0%) (p < 0.05).
Decreased serum TNF-alpha concentration during early pregnancy might be associated with subsequent abortion in RSA women.
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the hypothesis that cytokine levels are associated with miscarriage risk using serum samples collected before report of miscarriage. A nested case-control study. Biospecimens from the multisite Collaborative Perinatal Project, University of Florida, laboratory assessment of interleukin (IL)-1 receptor antagonist, IL-1beta, IL-4, IL-6, interferon (IFN)-gamma, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, thrombopoietin (TPO), and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). Cases of miscarriage (n = 439) were matched to controls (n = 373) by gestational age at sample collection. None. Miscarriage. Increased risk of miscarriage was associated with elevated TPO (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 1.16, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.00-1.36) and decreased G-CSF (adjusted OR 0.78, 95% CI 0.64-0.95). When analysis was restricted to samples collected more than 35 days before miscarriage, the effect of G-CSF was not observed (adjusted OR 0.96, 95% CI 0.72-1.28), whereas increased risk related to higher TPO remained. Circulating levels of TPO may be associated with increased risk of miscarriage.Fertility and sterility 07/2008; 89(6):1795-802. · 3.97 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is one of the most common obstetrical complications. Multiple etiologies, such as endocrine, anatomic, genetic, hematological and immunological causes have been reported for this devastating disease. However, over half of the cases remain unexplained. Thrombotic/inflammatory processes are often observed at the maternal-fetal interface as the final pathological assault in many cases of RPL, including those of unexplained etiologies. In the present paper, cellular immune responses (T, natural killer [NK], natural killer-T [NKT], regulatory T [Treg] cells and their cytokines) and autoimmune abnormalities of women with RPL are reviewed. In addition, metabolic diseases and hematological conditions which often lead to thrombotic/inflammatory conditions are discussed in association with RPL. Finally, current therapeutic options for RPL are reviewed.Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research 08/2009; 35(4):609-22. · 0.84 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The impact of abnormal placental karyotype on the inflammatory response within the villous tissue and peripheral circulation of women with miscarriage was evaluated. Villous (n = 38) and venous blood samples (n = 26) were obtained from women with missed miscarriage. Tissue chromosome analysis indicated 23 abnormal and 15 normal karyotypes. Concentration of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), TNF-R1 and TNF-R2, and interleukin (IL)-10 were measured using flowcytometric bead array in fresh villous homogenate, cultured villous extracts, culture medium, maternal whole blood, and plasma. Plasma TNFα/IL-10 ratios were significantly (P < 0.05) lower in miscarriages with abnormal karyotype. In the abnormal karyotype group, there were significantly higher levels of TNFα (P < 0.01), IL-10 (P < 0.01), TNF-R1 (P < 0.001), and TNF-R2 (P < 0.001) in the villous extracts and culture-conditioned medium compared to normal karyotype group. In miscarriage with abnormal karyotype, there is an exacerbated placental inflammatory response, in contrast to miscarriage of normal karyotype where maternal systemic response is increased.Clinical and Developmental Immunology 01/2012; 2012:175041. · 3.06 Impact Factor