Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for de novo acute megakaryocytic leukemia in first complete remission: a retrospective study of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT).
ABSTRACT Acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (M7 AML) is a highly aggressive disease. We evaluated outcomes in 57 children (11 with Down syndrome) and 69 adults with M7 AML after first complete remission (CR1) following autologous or HLA-identical allogeneic transplantation. Characteristics of the recipients of autologous transplants (38 children, 37 adults) were, respectively: median age, 1.7 and 46 years; non-total body irradiation (non-TBI) conditioning regimen, 97% and 70%; bone marrow as stem cell source, 74% and 43%. Characteristics of the recipients of allogeneic transplants (19 children, 32 adults) were, respectively: median age, 2.8 and 37 years; non-TBI regimen, 63% and 42%; bone marrow as stem cell source, 95% and 69%. Autologous transplantation benefited children more; the relapse rate was high in adults. Results for autologous transplantation were (children and adults, respectively): engraftment, 90% and 100%; 3-year treatment-related mortality (TRM) rate, 3% and 8%; relapse rate, 45% and 64%; leukemia-free survival (LFS) rate, 52% and 27%; overall survival (OS) rate, 61% and 30%. After allogeneic transplantation, TRM was fairly low in children and adults, and relapse rates were lower than after autologous transplantation. Results for allogeneic transplantation were, respectively: engraftment, 95% and 90%; TRM, 0% and 26%; relapse rate, 34% and 28%; LFS, 66% and 46%; OS, 82% and 43%). We conclude that M7 AML patients in CR1 (except children with Down syndrome, who already have better outcomes) can benefit from transplantation.
Article: Rare acute leukemias.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Hematopoietic cancers, which arise from various cell types that constitute the blood-forming tissues including the cells of the immune system, belong to the group of nonepithelial tumors. The term leukemia (literally “white blood”) refers to malignant derivatives of several of these hematopoietic cell lineages. Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a clonal disorder of immature hematopoietic cells and is characterized by aberrant hematopoietic cellular proliferation and maturation. Leukemic blasts might express capabilities for maturation to a variable degree, which leads to morphological heterogeneity. The leukemic transformation might occur at the level of a pluripotent or a less primitive hematopoietic cell. Generally, the transformed leukemic stem cell is committed to the granulocytic lineage, but sometimes a predominance of blast cells from the erythroid or megakaryocytic lineage might be observed.Cancer treatment and research 02/2008; 142:149-91.
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ABSTRACT: To characterize childhood acute megakaryoblastic leukaemia (AMKL), we reviewed 45 children with AMKL diagnosed between 1986 and 2005 at Nagoya University Hospital and Japanese Red Cross Nagoya First Hospital. Twenty-four patients (53%) had AMKL associated with Down syndrome (DS-AMKL) and 21 (47%) had non-DS-AMKL. The median age of the DS-AMKL patients was 21 months (range, 8-38 months) and that of non-DS-AMKL patients was 15 months (range, 2-185 months). The morphology of blast cells was categorized into three groups according to the stage of megakaryocyte maturation. The blast cells were more immature in DS-AMKL than in non-DS-AMKL in terms of morphology and immunophenotyping. Cytogenetic abnormalities of leukaemic cells were classified into seven categories: normal karyotype including constitutional trisomy 21 in DS-AMKL; numerical abnormalities only; t(1;22)(p13;q13); 3q21q26 abnormalities; t(16;21)(p11;q22); -5/del(5q) and/or -7/del(7q); and other structural changes. The outcome of children with either DS-AMKL or non-DS-AMKL is excellent. The 10-year overall survival estimate was 79% [95% confidence interval (CI): 54-90] for DS-AMKL and 76% (95% CI: 58-91) for non-DS-AMKL (P = 0.81) with a median follow-up of 78 months (range, 20-243 months). Our study shows the diverse heterogeneity of childhood AMKL and the need for subclassification according to cytogenetic and morphological features.British Journal of Haematology 04/2008; 140(5):552-61. · 4.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Acute erythro- and megakaryoblastic leukaemias are associated with very poor prognoses and the mechanism of blastic transformation is insufficiently elucidated. The murine Graffi leukaemia retrovirus induces erythro- and megakaryoblastic leukaemias when inoculated into NFS mice and represents a good model to study these leukaemias. To expand our understanding of genes specific to these leukaemias, we compared gene expression profiles, measured by microarray and RT-PCR, of all leukaemia types induced by this virus. The transcriptome level changes, present between the different leukaemias, led to the identification of specific cancerous signatures. We reported numerous genes that may be potential oncogenes, may have a function related to erythropoiesis or megakaryopoiesis or have a poorly elucidated physiological role. The expression pattern of these genes has been further tested by RT-PCR in different samples, in a Friend erythroleukaemic model and in human leukaemic cell lines.We also screened the megakaryoblastic leukaemias for viral integrations and identified genes targeted by these integrations and potentially implicated in the onset of the disease. Taken as a whole, the data obtained from this global gene profiling experiment have provided a detailed characterization of Graffi virus induced erythro- and megakaryoblastic leukaemias with many genes reported specific to the transcriptome of these leukaemias for the first time.BMC Medical Genomics 01/2010; 3:2. · 3.47 Impact Factor