Relationship between initial prostate specific antigen level and subsequent prostate cancer detection in a longitudinal screening study
ABSTRACT Previous studies of archived blood samples from nonscreened populations have shown an association between the prostate specific antigen (PSA) and the subsequent detection of prostate cancer. In the current study we evaluated the relationship between the initial screening PSA and the subsequent risk of prostate cancer detected in a prospective, longitudinal screening study. We also examined the relationship between initial PSA and the clinicopathological features of the cancers detected.
Between May 1991 and November 2001 we enrolled 26,111 volunteers in our PSA and digital rectal examination based prostate cancer screening study. The men were followed biannually or annually depending on the results of previous screening tests. The chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used to compare the clinical stage, pathological stage and Gleason score of subsequently detected prostate cancers as well as the time to cancer detection in different initial screening PSA strata.
The initial screening PSA stratum was strongly associated with the subsequent detection of prostate cancer as well as the clinicopathological stage and grade of the cancers detected.
Even in the lower PSA ranges initial screening serum PSA can help identify men at increased risk for subsequent prostate cancer detected in a longitudinal screening study.
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ABSTRACT: This study measures serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels in tire-manufacturing workers, and attempts to find occupational or non-occupational factors that related to their PSA levels. A total of 1,958 healthy male workers (1,699 were production workers and 259 were office workers) took PSA measurement for analysis. After adjusting for age, body mass index, hypertension, regular exercise, alcohol drinking and smoking, which were significantly related to serum PSA levels or known related factors of serum PSA levels, the geometric mean PSA levels were significantly high in the office workers (p = 0.017), the older age group (p < 0.001), the group with hypertension (p = 0.046) and the group of individuals that do not exercise regularly (p = 0.015) and the office workers were more likely to have a serum PSA level of ≥4.0 (OR 7.73, 95% CI: 2.78-21.46) or 2.5 ng/mL (OR 2.74, 95% CI: 1.49-5.08). After stratifying by age and adjusting aforementioned covariates, office workers 50 years of age and older had the significantly higher geometric mean PSA levels (p = 0.017) and were more likely to have a serum PSA level of ≥4.0 ng/mL (OR 12.90, 95% CI: 3.65-45.64) or 2.5 ng/mL (OR 3.90, 95% CI: 1.64-9.25) than production workers 50 years of age and older. This study showed that serum PSA levels were significantly higher among the group with hypertension or the group of individuals that did not exercise regularly or group of office workers who were considered to have lesser physical activities.12/2014; 26(1):50. DOI:10.1186/s40557-014-0050-z
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: In 2013, thiosulfate in urine has been proposed as promising prostate cancer (PCa) biomarker. However, a missing comparison with other proven PCa markers suggested a re-evaluation study. Therefore, together with the authors from the initial study, the diagnostic accuracy of thiosulfate was compared with that of urinary prostate cancer associated 3 (PCA3), serum prostate health index (Phi), and percent free prostate-specific antigen (%fPSA). Thiosulfate was further measured in a multicenter approach to exclude center-related biases. Methods: Thiosulfate, calculated as ratio of thiosulfate to urinary creatinine (TS/Crea ratio), was measured in two cohorts in a total of 269 patients. In the retrospective study (n=160) PCA3, Phi, PSA, and %fPSA were compared with the TS/Crea ratio between patients with and without PCa according to the prostate needle biopsy results. The second prospective cohort included 109 patients from four centers. Results: The median TS/Crea ratio was not statistically different between the patients with and without PCa. The receiver-operating characteristics showed that the TS/Crea ratio was unable to discriminate between patients with and without PCa in contrast to %fPSA, Phi, and PCA3. In all four centers, the low median TS/Crea ratios (<1 mmol/mol) in both patient cohorts were confirmed and thiosulfate was again not able to distinguish between them (p-values, 0.13-0.90). Conclusions: This study could not confirm the previously observed high median TS/Crea ratio in PCa patients in comparison to non-PCa patients. Thiosulfate subsequently failed as PCa biomarker while PCA3 and Phi showed the expected diagnostic improvement.Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine 09/2014; 53(3). DOI:10.1515/cclm-2014-0729 · 2.96 Impact Factor
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