Prolonged survival of mouse skin allografts after transplantation of fetal liver cells transduced with hIL-10 gene.
ABSTRACT Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a cytokine with a moleculary weight of 18 kDa, that was first identified as being produced by Th2 cells. It appears to have anti-inflammatory action by diminishing the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines produced by Th1 cells. IL-10 also regulates the differentiation and proliferation of several immune cells such as T cells, B cells, natural killer cells, antigen-presenting cells, mast cells and granulocytes. Recent data suggest, however, that IL-10 also has immunostimulatory properties with important consequences on the prognosis of disease. In this study, we demonstrate the importance of injection of hematopoietic fetal liver cells transduced with the human IL-10 (hIL-10) gene into an allogenic recipient subsequently transplanted with allogenic skin grafts. The immaturity of stem cells and precursor cells from fetal liver and their transient survival in the host, due to the production of hIL-10, may afford 'prope' tolerance. It also explains the lack of graft-vs.-host reaction (GvHR) and the delay in rejection of the specific donor skin grafts after virtual disappearance of donor hematopoietic cells. Objectives: Transduction of CBA hematopoietic fetal cells with the human IL-10 gene was used with the aim of inducing tolerance to donor antigen in recipient BALB/c mice. The observed effects were prolonged IL-10 production, donor cell chimerism in the host and delayed rejection of skin grafts from the specific donor strain.
To prevent or delay rejection of highly incompatible skin allografts, we used IL-10 gene transfer to establish chimerism with donor hematopoietic cells. Fetal liver cells from CBA mice were transduced with the human IL-10 gene and injected into BALB/c mice.
Human IL-10, which is active in mice but does not cross-react with murine IL-10 in ELISA, was produced in vivo for 3 weeks. Donor cells were identified in the recipients during the same time period, on the basis of presence of the H-2 k gene and human IL-10 intracellular protein. Skin allografts from CBA or C57BL/6 mice survived for a mean of 9.5 days in recipient mice injected with non-transduced cells. In contrast, survival of CBA allograft was extended to 18.9+/-1.8 days in recipients injected with hIL-10-transduced fetal liver cells from CBA mice. Human IL-10 alone, without donor hematopoietic cell engraftment, did not prolong graft survival (9.6+/-1.2 days).
IL-10 transduction of donor hematopoietic stem cells resulted in production of IL-10, cell engraftment and chimerism. Although full tolerance was not obtained at this level of donor cell development in the host, a specific and highly significant (P<0.001) prolongation of the survival of donor skin allografts was observed.
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ABSTRACT: We previously reported that transduction of the human interleukin (IL)-10 gene into the total fetal liver stem cells (hIL-10-TFLs) of mice protects against their rejection in an allogeneic host. In this study, we explored the effects of these cells in two different models of organ transplantation. Balb/c mice were sublethally irradiated before receiving skin or vascularized heterotopic heart grafts from C57Bl/6 mice. TFLs from C57Bl/6 mice transduced with hIL-10 or untransduced TFLs were injected on the day of transplantation into recipient mice once or also every 20 days thereafter. Skin allograft survival was prolonged for up to 17.8±0.6 days, vs. 9.0±0.4 days, in mice that received hIL-10-TFLs or untransduced TFLs, respectively. Allogeneic heart transplants survived for 86.25±13.8, 46.3±4.6, 28.1±6.1, or 11.5±0.6 days in mice that received repeated injections of hIL-10-TFLs, a single injection of hIL-10-TFLs, repeated injections of untransduced TFLs, or controls, respectively. Histological analyses of the grafts showed fewer inflammatory foci and CD8+ infiltrating cells in mice injected with hIL-10-TFLs compared with untreated mice. Expressions of H-2b and hIL-10 were found in several organs, including the thymus, liver, and the transplant, in hIL-10-TFL-injected mice. Finally, in hIL-10-TFL-injected mice, FoxP3 T cells were present inside the transplanted heart as late as 140 days after transplantation. In this study, we showed that repeated injections of hIL-10-TFLs are efficient in mitigating transplant rejection. This "prope" tolerance was associated with survival of donor hematopoietic cells in the host.Transplantation 04/2012; 93(8):761-8. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Core 1 beta 1,3-galactosyltransferase also known as T-antigen-synthase or T-synthase is a key enzyme for the synthesis of the common core 1 O-glycan structure (T-antigen). Although T-synthase is known to be important in human immune-related diseases, the effects of T-synthase and T-antigen on host immune responses remain poorly defined. In this study, a T-synthase-specific short hairpin RNA (shRNA) was transfected into murine colon carcinoma CT26 cells or mouse muscle tissues via intramuscular electroporation to assess the effects of T-synthase on T cells and cytokines. T-synthase knockdown significantly induced galectin-1 secretion both in vivo and in vitro and strongly enhanced Th2 cytokine (IL-10 and IL-4) production in vivo. Further, the increased production of galectin-1 induced by T-synthase knockdown promoted CD8(+) T-cell apoptosis, which, when combined with the increased production of CD4(+) T cell-derived Th2 cytokines prolonged the survival of skin allografts in mice. Our data suggest core 1 beta 1,3-galactosyltransferase-shRNA could serve not only as a useful tool in organ transplantation but also as a powerful tool for investigating O-glycans and glycoprotein synthesis and function.Journal of Clinical Immunology 03/2012; 32(4):820-36. · 3.38 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Interest in mixed chimerism has evolved from its role in the induction of alloantigen tolerance. However, its precise impact on the host organism remains to be elucidated. In the present work, we analyzed cytokine secretion from chimeric mice cells to assess the influence of different mixed chimerism induction protocols on immune system function in recipient mice. To our knowledge, there have been no reports on using this parameter for the optimization of the mixed chimerism induction method. B6.SJL-PtprcaPep3b or C57BL/6J mice were used as recipients and Balb/c as donors. We utilized four protocols consisted of: 3Gy total body irradiation (Day -1), the injection of 20-30×10(6) bone marrow cells (Day 0), and a combination of CD40L (Day 0, and 4), CD8 (Day -2), and NK1.1 (Day -3) blocking antibodies and cyclophosphamide (175mg/kg - Day 2). The concentrations of cytokines (IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17A, and TNF) were evaluated in the supernatants of unstimulated or phytohemagglutinin-stimulated chimeric spleen, bone marrow and peripheral blood cells in the 8th week of experiment. The induction of tolerance to Balb/c mouse antigens was initially tested in chimeric mice by assessing the presence of Vβ5 and Vβ11 TCR-expressing lymphocytes. The cytokine production was considerably increased, especially in chimeric mice treated by cyclophosphamide. Also the mixed chimerism itself seems to affect IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-17A, and TNF secretion. Using the optimized induction protocol, we established that chimeric mice cells secreted lower IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4 and higher IL-6, IL-17A, and TNF levels as compared to control animals. We found that both donor and recipient cells markedly participated in the cytokines production. In conclusion, our optimization study based on cytokine assessment contributes to establishing an effective protocol of mixed chimerism induction with no cyclophosphamide use and better understanding of the influence of this phenomenon on the recipient organism.Transplant Immunology 09/2013; · 1.52 Impact Factor