Characterization of protein release from photocrosslinkable hyaluronic acid-polyethylene glycol hydrogel tissue engineering scaffolds.

Department of Chemical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA.
Biomaterials (Impact Factor: 8.31). 01/2005; 26(2):125-35. DOI: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2004.02.018
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The goal of this work was to utilize the naturally derived bioactive polymer hyaluronic acid (HA) to create a combination tissue engineering scaffold and protein delivery device. HA is a non-immunogenic, non-adhesive glycosaminoglycan that plays significant roles in several cellular processes, including angiogenesis and the regulation of inflammation. In previous work, we created photopolymerizable glycidyl methacrylate-hyaluronic acid (GMHA) hydrogels that had controlled degradation rates, were cytocompatible, and were able to be modified with peptide moieties. In the present studies, we characterized the release of a model protein, bovine serum albumin (BSA), from GMHA and GMHA-polyethylene glycol (PEG) hydrogels. Although BSA could be released rapidly (> 60% within 6 h) from 1% GMHA hydrogels, we found that increasing either the GMHA or the PEG concentrations could lengthen the duration of protein delivery. Preliminary size exclusion chromatography studies indicated that the released BSA was almost entirely in its native monomeric form. Lastly, protein release was extended to several weeks by suspending BSA-poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) microspheres within the hydrogel bulk. These initial studies indicate that the naturally derived biopolymer HA can be employed to design novel photopolymerizable composites that are suitable for delivering stable proteins from scaffolding in tissue engineering applications.

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