Association between cathepsin D polymorphism and Alzheimer's disease in a Chinese Han population.
ABSTRACT Cathepsin D (CTSD) is an intracellular aspartyl protease, which is active in the endosomal/lysosomal system. CTSD may play a role in Alzheimer's disease (AD) through cleaving the amyloid precursor protein into beta-amyloid peptide and degrading tau protein into fragments. A functional polymorphism in exon 2 of the cathepsin D gene (C-->T, Ala224Val) has recently been reported to increase the risk for AD in some of the Caucasian populations, with a significant overrepresentation of the T allele, but these reports have not been universally duplicated. We performed an association study between CTSD polymorphism and AD in 156 sporadic AD patients and 183 controls of Chinese Han ethnicity. Our data revealed that the distribution of CTSD genotypes and alleles was similar in patients and controls. No direct association was found between CTSD polymorphism and AD risk. There might be a weak synergistic interaction between CTSD T and APOEepsilon4 allele in increasing the risk for developing AD.
Article: The cathepsin D gene exon 2 (C224T) polymorphism and sporadic Alzheimer's disease in European populations.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The cathepsin D gene (CTSD) exon 2 (C224T) polymorphism has been associated with an increased risk for sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD), but with controversial findings. We studied CTSD exon 2 (C224T) and apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype frequencies in 168 AD patients and 218 age-matched healthy controls from Southern Italy. No statistically significant differences were found in CTSD allele or genotype frequencies between AD patients and controls, and there were no interactions with sex or APOE genotype. Furthermore, comparing our results with the findings from other European populations, the CTSD*T allele frequency showed a statistically significant increasing trend from Northern to Southern regions of Europe in AD patients and controls (z=2.51, p<.01; z=4.02, p<.001, respectively), with a concomitant inverse trend for CTSD*C allele frequency. The regional differences in CTSD allele frequencies could be related to the different patterns of association between this polymorphism and AD in various European studies.The Journals of Gerontology Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences 08/2005; 60(8):991-6. · 4.60 Impact Factor