Countermeasures Against Non-specific Reactions in the Measurement of ^|^beta;-glucan in Plasma by Alkaline Treatment, Chromogenic Automated Kinetic Assay

Division of Respiratory Diseases, Department of Medicine, Kawasaki Medical School.
Kansenshogaku zasshi. The Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases 05/2004; 78(5):435-41. DOI: 10.11150/kansenshogakuzasshi1970.78.435
Source: PubMed


We investigated the detection of non-specific reactions in the measurement of plasma (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan (beta-glucan) and countermeasures against them using alkaline treatment, chromogenic automated kinetic assay (alkaline-kinetic assay). In this study, we reexamined the values of beta-glucan using the alkaline-kinetic assay with and without laminaran oligosaccharides (LO) as a kind of beta-glucan that blocks the Limulus reaction. The materials for this study were 584 plasma samples in which beta-glucan had been measured. These were taken from 232 patients in Kawasaki Medical School Hospital between January 2002 and March 2002. Non-specific reactions were judged by a calculated value under a LO additive condition. Determination as to whether or not the each time course of the Limulus reaction was influenced by a non-specific reaction was also studied by applying a non-specific reaction index set up independently. Non-specific reactions were recognized in 51.9% of the samples (81/156). The amount of non-specific reaction was 9.9 pg/ml or less in major samples. On the other hand, when the cut off value of the index for detection of non-specific reactions was set at 0.5, the sensitivity was 88.9% and specificity was 73.7%. The positive and negative predictive values were 93.5% and 60.9% respectively. Non-specific reactions can be approximately distinguished by applying the non-specific reaction index. By so doing, unnecessary initiation of anti fugal therapy in response to non-specific reactions can be avoided. Further prospective and radical studies of non-specific reactions in the alkaline-kinetic assay are necessary.

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