Na+ modulation, inverse agonism, and anorectic potency of 4-phenylpiperidine opioid antagonists.
ABSTRACT Differences in the anorectic activity of morphinan (e.g., naltrexone) and 3,4-dimethyl-4-(3-hydroxyphenyl)piperidine (4PP) opioid receptor antagonists have been described. In an attempt to explain these differences, the influence of Na(+) on opioid binding affinity and functional activity of 4PP antagonists was compared to other opioid antagonists. The binding affinities of neutral antagonists were unaffected by the addition of Na(+), whereas that for the peptide, inverse agonist N,N-diallyl-Tyr-Aib-Aib-Phe-Leu-OH (ICI174864) was increased. Similarly, the binding affinities of the 4PP antagonist (3R,4R)-1-((S)-3-hydroxy-3-cyclohexylpropyl)-4-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-3,4-dimethyl-1-piperidine (LY255582) and other 4PP antagonists were increased in the presence of Na(+) with the greatest effects at the delta opioid receptor followed by the mu and kappa opioid receptors, respectively. Similar to ICI174864, 4PP antagonists were found to inhibit basal GTPgamma[(35)S] binding at the delta opioid receptor indicating inverse agonist activity. A correlation was observed between the binding affinities in the presence of Na(+), the inverse agonist potency, and the anorectic potency of 4PP antagonists. These data suggest that 4PP antagonists differ from morphinan antagonists in their inverse agonist activity and suggest a relationship between inverse agonism and anorectic activity.
Article: Endogenous opiates: 2000[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This paper is the twenty-third installment of the annual review of research concerning the opiate system. It summarizes papers published during 2000 that studied the behavioral effects of the opiate peptides and antagonists, excluding the purely analgesic effects, although stress-induced analgesia is included. The specific topics covered this year include stress; tolerance and dependence; learning, memory, and reward; eating and drinking; alcohol and other drugs of abuse; sexual activity, pregnancy, and development; mental illness and mood; seizures and other neurological disorders; electrical-related activity; general activity and locomotion; gastrointestinal, renal, and hepatic function; cardiovascular responses; respiration and thermoregulation; and immunological responses.Peptides 01/2002; · 2.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Opioids are proposed to play a role in the control of food intake since administration of opioids increase food intake while administration of opioid antagonists decrease food intake. In these experiments responses to a new opioid antagonist, nalmefene, were measured in Zucker obese and lean rats. In obese male rats 1 mg/kg nalmefene decreased the size of the first meal after a 10-hr fast and decreased 14-hr food intake, indicating nalmefene is relatively long-acting. Administration of 1 mg/kg nalmefene daily for 7 days decreased average meal size and daily food intake and increased meal frequency; feeding responses on day 7 were similar to those on day 1, suggesting a lack of development of tolerance. Food and water intake and weight gain during a 3-week treatment period were decreased more in lean rats by low doses of nalmefene (up to 0.25 mg/kg) and more in obese rats by higher doses of nalmefene (0.50 mg/kg). These responses to a new opioid antagonist further support a possible role for opioids in the control of food intake.Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 09/1983; 19(2):235-40. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: LY255582, administered subcutaneously, decreased food intake and body weight gain of fed obese Zucker rats during the entire 30-day period of treatment. No tolerance to these biologic effects of LY255582 could be demonstrated. d-Amphetamine and naltrexone, administered subcutaneously, and d,l-fenfluramine and salbutamol, administered orally, decreased food intake for no more than 6 to 12 days, in contrast to the long-lasting effects of LY255582. Salbutamol suppressed the appetite of obese rats for 3-4 days only. After an additional 12 days of treatment, weight gain decreased significantly accompanied by no appetite suppression. Thus, there is a difference in the duration of action of the opioid antagonist, LY255582, when compared to amphetamine, fenfluramine, naltrexone, and salbutamol, on food intake and body weight gain of obese rats.Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 12/1993; 46(3):653-9. · 2.61 Impact Factor