Dedifferentiated liposarcoma with a paraganglioma-like histologic pattern: a case report and review of the literature.

Department of Pathology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg.
Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine (Impact Factor: 2.88). 08/2004; 128(7):788-91. DOI: 10.1043/1543-2165(2004)128<788:DLWAPH>2.0.CO;2
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A 53-year-old man presented with a 4-month history of increasing abdominal discomfort and distension. A large retroperitoneal mass was found on imaging. Image-guided needle core biopsy demonstrated a poorly differentiated malignant neoplasm. A 30 x 32 x 33-cm soft tissue mass was removed. Microscopically, the tumor consisted of predominantly epithelioid malignant cells arranged in a paraganglioma-like growth pattern. Immunohistochemically, these cells were strongly positive for neuron-specific enolase. Stains for synaptophysin and chromogranin, however, were negative. There was no ultrastructural evidence of neuroendocrine differentiation. Adjacent sarcomatous areas were composed of spindled cells arranged in storiform and fibrosarcoma-like growth patterns. A small area of well-differentiated liposarcoma was identified, and a diagnosis of dedifferentiated liposarcoma was established. To the best of our knowledge, this represents the first reported case of dedifferentiated liposarcoma with a paraganglioma-like histologic pattern. A brief review focusing on the morphologic variations of dedifferentiated liposarcoma is also presented.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A rare autopsy case of the extremely large retroperitoneal solitary fibrous tumor is reported. A 52-year-old female with a huge abdominal distention was found dead at home. She showed remarkable emaciation. The autopsy revealed a huge retroperitoneal tumor weighing 11.9kg (36×30×20cm in size), which occupied the entire intraperitoneal cavity. Histologically, the tumor consisted of spindle parenchymal cells with fibrous tissues. Immunohistochemically, CD34 was positively stained, whereas S-100, smooth muscle actin, and factor VIII were negative. Her cause of death was diagnosed as emaciation due to the compression of the entire intestine by the tumor. This is a rare case of the extremely large retroperitoneal solitary fibrous tumor, which caused the occasional intestinal obstruction. This disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of retroperitoneal large tumors that cause accidental deaths in forensic autopsies.
    Legal Medicine 08/2012; 15(1). DOI:10.1016/j.legalmed.2012.07.004 · 1.44 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present a case (female, 61 years of age) of dedifferentiated liposarcoma of the deep, cervical (paralaryngeal) soft tissue with a significant myxoid component and characteristic immunohistochemical (strong and diffuse expression of p16, mdm2 and cdk4 in both the well differentiated liposarcomatous and dedifferentiated components) and molecular genetic findings (MDM2-gene amplification on fluorescence in situ hybridization). The myxoid component which was present in the well differentiated liposarcomatous component gave the tumor atypical radiological features. The case presented initial diagnostic difficulties, mainly because of the bland histomorphological appearance of the limited biopsy material from the sampled non-lipogenic, dedifferentiated component. The dedifferentiated part of the tumor turned out to harbor significant heterogeneity with regards to cellularity, cytomorphology and proliferative activity.
    Head and Neck Pathology 07/2013; DOI:10.1007/s12105-013-0472-x
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A 62-year-old patient presented with mildly elevated catecholamines and an abdominal painless mass. Abdominal CT revealed an 18 × 12 cm tumor in the right retroperitoneum with intense contrast enhancement. Somatostatin receptor scintigraphy (SRS) showed pathologic uptake by the lesion. Given the suspicion of paraganglioma, the patient was referred to surgery for tumor removal. Surprisingly, the histopathological examination revealed a dedifferentiated liposarcoma. Somatostatin receptors of type 2 were identified and quantified by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The unexpected presentation of our patient draws clinicians' attention when performing diagnostic procedure for retroperitoneal lesions, even though hormone secretion and positive SRS strongly suggest paraganglioma.
    Clinical nuclear medicine 02/2014; DOI:10.1097/RLU.0000000000000374 · 3.92 Impact Factor