Comparison of antimicrobial susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from bulk tank milk in organic and conventional dairy herds in the midwestern United States and Denmark.
ABSTRACT An observational study was conducted to compare the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from bulk tank milk in organic and conventional dairy farms in Wisconsin, United States, and southern Jutland, Denmark. Bulk tank milk samples and data regarding management and production were collected from 30 organic and 30 conventional dairy farms in Wisconsin and 20 organic and 20 conventional dairy farms in Denmark. S. aureus isolates were tested for resistance against 15 antimicrobial agents by semiautomatic microbroth dilution methods in each country. Of the 118 bulk tank milk samples in Wisconsin, 71 samples (60%) yielded at least one S. aureus isolate, and a total of 331 isolates were collected. Of the 40 bulk tank milk samples from Denmark, 27 samples (55%) yielded at least one S. aureus isolate, and a total of 152 isolates were collected. Significant differences between organic and conventional dairies were detected only to ciprofloxacin in Wisconsin and avilamycin in Denmark. Significant differences (P < 0.05) between the two countries were detected in nine antimicrobials. Denmark had a higher probability of having reduced susceptibility to ciprofloxacin and streptomycin (P = 0.015 and 0.003, respectively). Wisconsin isolates had a higher probability of having reduced susceptibility to seven other antimicrobial agents (bacitracin, gentamicin, kanamycin, penicillin, sulphamethoxazole, tetracycline, and trimethoprim). We found small differences between organic and conventional farm types in each country and larger differences between the two national agricultural systems.
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ABSTRACT: Staphylococcus aureus is one of the main bacterial pathogens involved in bovine mastitis in Zulia State-Venezuela. The objective of this research was to determine the susceptibility to antimicrobial agents of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from the mammary quarter milk of subclinical mastitis cows and from bulk tank milk in three dairy farms of Zulia State. A total of 88 strains were analyzed, of these isolates 81 were isolated from quarter milk and 7 from bulk tank milk. The susceptibility to antimicrobial agents of those strains was determined by agar disk diffusion test. The antibiotics tested were: vancomycin (Va), streptomycin (S), clindamycin (Cc), erithromycin (E), tetracycline (Te), penicillin (Pe), ciprofloxacin (Cip), cefoxitin (Fox), chloramfenicol (C), enrofloxacin (Enr), rifampicin (Rif), trimethoprim/sulfametoxazole (SXT), oxacillin (Ox) and gentamicin. (G). Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) for Pe, Va, Ox and E was determined. S. aureus strains isolated from quarter milk were resistant to Pe (12.3%), Enr (8.6%), Cip, S (4.9%, respectively), E (3.7%), Cc, and Rif (2.5%, respectively). Strains isolated from bulk tank milk were resistant to Pe and Te (28.6%, respectively) and Cc (14.3%). The results indicate that isolates of S. aureus from mammary quarter milk of subclinical mastitis were more susceptible to all antimicrobial agents (70%) compared with strains from the bulk tank milk (57%).Revista científica de veterinaria 01/2010; XX(4):367-376. · 0.14 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The present study was to investigate the effect of the transition from conventional to organic dairy farming on the antimicrobial resistant pattern of pathogens in milk. A farm with tie-stall management, with an average herd size of 20 milking cows, was selected based on the owner's willingness to accept, for at least 6 months, the highly restricted protocol developed in this study. Comparisons of bacterial isolates and antimicrobial susceptibilities before changing to an organic farm system (BEFORE) and for 6 months after (AFTER) operating the experimental organic farm system were performed by Fisher's Exact Chi-square tests. Significant levels were defined at p<0.05. During the AFTER period, average frequency of antibiotic treatment was decreased from more than 3 cases/month to less than 1 case/month during which the antibiotic use was authorized only by the veterinarian. In total, 92 and 70 quarter milk samples from 24 and 18 cows during BEFORE and AFTER, respectively, were included in the study. Overall, isolates ranged from a non-resistant level for cephazolin to a very high resistant level to streptomycin (64.71% to 95.45%). Percentages of antimicrobial resistant isolates during BEFORE were significantly higher than during AFTER for ampicillin (43.48% and 5.88%, respectively) and streptomycin (95.45% and 64.71%, respectively). In conclusion, percentages of antimicrobial resistant isolates were decreased after 6 months of operating as an organic farm system.Asian Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 05/2010; 23(5):659-664. · 0.64 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to evaluate the presence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative Staphylococcus spp. in bulk tank milk samples from 288 organic and conventional dairy farms located in New York, Wisconsin, and Oregon from March 2009 to May 2011. Due to recent publications reporting the presence mecC (a mecA homolog not detected by traditional mecA-based PCR methods), a combination of genotypic and phenotypic approaches was used to enhance the recovery of methicillin-resistant organisms from bulk tank milk. In total, 13 isolates were identified as methicillin resistant: Staph. aureus (n = 1), Staphylococcus sciuri (n = 5), Staphylococcus chromogenes (n = 2), Staphylococcus saprophyticus (n = 3), Staphylococcus agnetis (n = 1), and Macrococcus caseolyticus (n = 1). The single methicillin-resistant Staph. aureus isolate was identified from an organic farm in New York, for an observed 0.3% prevalence at the farm level. The methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci prevalence was 2% in the organic population and 5% in the conventional population. We did not identify mecC in any of the isolates from our population. Of interest was the relatively high number of methicillin-resistant Staph. sciuri recovered, as the number of isolates from our study was considerably higher than those recovered from other recent studies that also assessed milk samples. Our research suggests that the presence of a potential methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus reservoir in milk, and likely the dairy farm population in the United States, is independent of the organic or conventional production system.Journal of Dairy Science 02/2014; · 2.57 Impact Factor