The effects of stimulus rates on high frequency oscillations of median nerve somatosensory-evoked potentials--direct recording study from the human cerebral cortex.
ABSTRACT To study the effects of different stimulus rates on high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) of somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEPs), we recorded median nerve SEPs directly from the human cerebral cortex.
SEPs were recorded from subdural electrodes in 5 patients with intractable epilepsy, under the conditions of low (3.3Hz) and high (12.3Hz) stimulus rates.
Increased stimulus rates to the median nerve from 3.3 to 12.3Hz showed a pronounced amplitude reduction of HFOs when compared with the primary N20-P20, area 3b, and P25, area 1, responses.
HFOs were more sensitive to a high stimulus rate than the primary cortical responses, suggesting that the post-synaptic intracortical activities may greatly contribute to the HFO generation.
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ABSTRACT: Increasing evidence from invasive intracranial recordings suggests that the matured brain generates both physiological and pathological high-frequency signals. The present study was designed to detect high-frequency brain signals in the developing brain using newly developed magnetoencephalography (MEG) methods. Twenty healthy children were studied with a high-sampling rate MEG system. Functional high-frequency brain signals were evoked by electrical stimulation applied to the index fingers. To determine if the high-frequency neuromagnetic signals are true brain responses in high-frequency range, we analyzed the MEG data using the conventional averaging as well as newly developed time-frequency analysis along with beamforming. The data of healthy children showed that very high-frequency brain signals (>1000 Hz) in the somatosensory cortex in the developing brain could be detected and localized using MEG. The amplitude of very high-frequency brain signals was significantly weaker than that of the low-frequency brain signals. Very high-frequency brain signals showed a much earlier latency than those of a low-frequency. Magnetic source imaging (MSI) revealed that a portion of the high-frequency signals was from the somatosensory cortex, another portion of the high-frequency signals was probably from the thalamus. Our results provide evidence that the developing brain generates high-frequency signals that can be detected with the non-invasive technique of MEG. MEG detection of high-frequency brain signals may open a new window for the study of developing brain function.Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12/2014; 8:969. DOI:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00969 · 2.90 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A brief review of previous studies is presented on ultra-fast activities > 300 Hz (high frequency oscillations, HFOs) overlying the cortical response in the somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) or magnetic field (SEF). The characteristics of somatosensory HFOs are described in terms of reproducibility and origin (area 3b and 1) of the HFOs, changes during a wake-sleep cycle, effects of higher stimulus rate or tactile interference, etc. Also, several hypotheses on the neural mechanisms of the HFOs are introduced; the early HFO burst is probably generated from action potentials of thalamocortical fibers at the time when they arrive at the area 3b (and 1), since this component is resistant to higher stimulus rate > 10Hz or general anesthesia: by contrast, the late HFO burst is sensitive to higher stimulus rate, reflecting activities of a postsynaptic neural network in the somatosensory cortices, area 3b and 1. As to possible mechanisms of the late HFO burst genesis, an interneuron hypothesis, a fast inhibitory postsynaptic potential (IPSP) hypothesis of the pyramidal cell and a chattering cell hypothesis will be discussed on the basis of physiological and pathological features of the somatosensory HFOs.Clinical EEG and neuroscience: official journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS) 10/2005; 36(4):271-7. · 3.16 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This work investigates the influence of the stimulus frequency in the performance of two Objective Response Detection (ORD) techniques, the Magnitude-Squared Coherence (MSC) and the Component Synchrony Measure (CSM), as applied in somatosensory stimulation. Electroencephalographic signals were collected (10-20 International System) from forty adult volunteers without history of neurological pathologies. The stimuli were applied to the right posterior tibial nerve at the frequencies of 2, 5, 7 and 9 Hz and motor threshold intensity level. The detection was based on the rejection of the null hypothesis of response absence (significance level α=0.05 and M=100 and 500 epochs). The performances of the MSC at the four stimulation frequencies were compared, two-by-two, using the Proportion Test applied to the mean percentage rates in the total (2-100 Hz) and optimal (20-60 Hz) bands. The same was proceeded to the CSM. The evaluated derivations were Cz, C4, Pz and P4. No significant difference was found for any studied technique (MSC or CSM), any M-value, at any derivation. Thus, the highest stimulation frequency (9 Hz) can be used in order to obtain a reduction in the time of response detection in an ORD approach for a fixed M-value.Journal of neuroscience methods 02/2011; 195(2):255-60. DOI:10.1016/j.jneumeth.2010.12.003 · 1.96 Impact Factor