Novel isoforms of tau that lack the microtubule-binding domain

University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst Center, Massachusetts, United States
Journal of Neurochemistry (Impact Factor: 4.24). 08/2004; 90(2):340-51. DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.2004.02508.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Tau is a microtubule-associated protein (MAP) whose transcript undergoes complex regulated splicing in the mammalian nervous system. Our previous work with exon 6 established that tau shows a unique expression pattern and splicing regulation profile, and that it utilizes alternative splice sites in several human tissues. The mRNAs from these splicing events, if translated, would result in truncated tau variants that lack the microtubule-binding domain. In this study, we demonstrate that at least one of these tau variants is present as a stable protein in several tissues. The novel isoform shows a localization distinct from that of canonical tau in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells which stably overexpress it. In both normal and Alzheimer's hippocampus, the novel isoform is found in dentate gyrus granular cells and CA1/CA3 pyramidal cells. However, it does not co-localize with canonical tau but, rather, partly co-localizes with MAP2.

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