Effects of the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor antagonist BIBN4096BS on alpha-CGRP-induced regional haemodynamic changes in anaesthetised rats.
ABSTRACT Several studies suggest that a calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor antagonist may have antimigraine properties, most probably via the inhibition of CGRP-induced cranial vasodilatation. We recently showed that the novel selective CGRP receptor antagonist, BIBN4096BS (1-piperidinecarboxamide, -N-[2-[[5-amino-1-[[4-(4-pyridinyl)-1-piperazinyl] carbonyl] pentyl]amino]-1-[(3,5-dibromo-4-hydroxyphenyl) methyl]-2-oxoethyl]-4-(1,4-dihydro-2-oxo-3(2H)-quinazolinyl)-, [[R-(R,(R*,S*)]), attenuated the CGRP-induced porcine carotid vasodilatation in a model predictive of antimigraine activity. In order to evaluate the potential safety of BIBN4096BS in migraine therapy, this study was designed to investigate the effects of intravenous BIBN4096BS on alpha-CGRP-induced systemic and regional haemodynamic changes in anaesthetised rats, using radioactive microspheres. In vehicle-pretreated animals, consecutive intravenous infusions of alpha-CGRP (0.25, 0.5 and 1 microg kg(-1) min.(-1)) dose-dependently decreased mean arterial blood pressure with an accompanying increase in heart rate and systemic vascular conductance whereas cardiac output remained unchanged. Alpha-CGRP also increased the vascular conductance to the heart, brain, gastrointestinal tract, adrenals, skeletal muscles and skin, whilst that to the kidneys, spleen, mesentery/pancreas and liver remained unaltered. The above systemic and regional haemodynamic responses to alpha-CGRP were clearly attenuated in BIBN4096BS (3 mg kg(-1) intravenously)-pretreated animals. These results indicate that exogenously administered alpha-CGRP dilates regional vascular beds via CGRP receptors on the basis of the antagonism produced by BIBN4096BS. Moreover, the fact that BIBN4096BS did not alter baseline haemodynamics suggests that endogenously produced CGRP does not play an important role in regulating the systemic and regional haemodynamics under resting conditions.
- Endocrine Reviews 11/1996; 17(5):533-85. · 14.87 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: By immunohistochemistry, CGRP-like immunoreactive (CGRP-LI) nerve fibres were found in the lamina propria along small vessels and in the lamina muscularis mucosae in the porcine ileum. Immunoreactive nerve cell bodies were found in the submucous and myenteric plexus. Upon HPLC-analysis of ileal extracts, CGRP-LI corresponded entirely to porcine CGRP plus smaller amounts of oxidised CGRP. Using isolated vascularly perfused segments of the ileum, we studied the release of CGRP-LI in response to electrical stimulation of the mixed extrinsic periarterial nerves and to infusion of different neuroblockers. In addition, the effect of infusion of capsaicin was studied. The basal output of CGRP-LI was 2.9+/-0.7 pmol/5 min (mean+/-S.D.). Electrical nerve stimulation (8 Hz) significantly increased the release of CGRP-LI to 167+/-16% (mean+/-S.E.M.) of the basal output (n=13). This response was unaffected by the addition of atropine (10(-6) M). Nerve stimulation during infusion of phentolamine (10(-5) M) with and without additional infusion of atropine resulted in a significant further increase in the release of CGRP-LI to 261+/-134% (n=5) and 240+/-80% (n=9), respectively. This response was abolished by infusion of hexamethonium (3x10(-5) M). Infusion of capsaicin (10(-5) M) caused a significant increase in the release of CGRP-LI to 485+/-82% of basal output (n=5). Our results suggest a dual origin of CGRP innervation of the porcine ileum (intrinsic and extrinsic). The intrinsic CGRP neurons receive excitatory input by parasympathetic, possibly vagal, preganglionic fibres, via release of acetylcholine acting on nicotinic receptors. The stimulatory effect of capsaicin suggests that CGRP is also released from extrinsic sensory neurons.Regulatory Peptides 05/2001; 98(3):137-43. · 2.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is a potent vasodilator in brain vessels and it has been implicated in the pathogenesis of migraine headache. Blocking post-junctional CGRP receptors, mediators of trigeminal-induced vasodilation, has been suggested as a potential antimigraine strategy. In this study, we tested the ability of a new non-peptide CGRP receptor antagonist, BIBN4096BS, to inhibit the CGRP-induced dilation in human and/or bovine brain vessels and compared it to that of the antagonist alpha-CGRP(8-37). BIBN4096BS and alpha-CGRP(8-37) both blocked the alpha-CGRP-induced dilation in bovine middle artery segments with respective potency (pK(B) values) of 6.3 and 7.8. In human pial vessels, BIBN4096BS was particularly potent. When tested at 10(-14)-10(-9) M concentrations, it induced a rightward shift in the alpha-CGRP concentration-response curve and yielded a biphasic Schild plot suggesting interaction with more than one receptor population, as was also indicated by the significant best fit of the alpha-CGRP-induced dilation in human brain vessels with a two receptor site interaction. Schild plot analysis in the linear portion of the BIBN4096BS inhibition curve revealed interaction with one high affinity site (pA(2) value approximately 14). In bovine vessels, both alpha-CGRP(8-37) and BIBN4096BS concentration-dependently reversed a pre-established CGRP-induced dilation ( approximately 59 and 85%, respectively), BIBN4096BS being approximately tenfold more potent than alpha-CGRP(8-37) (respective pIC(50) values of 7.5 and 6.75). In human middle cerebral and middle meningeal arteries, BIBN4096BS reversed the alpha-CGRP-induced dilation (> or =70%) by interaction with two different receptor populations: it exhibited a high affinity for one population (pIC(50) value approximately 13) and a lower affinity for the other (pIC(50) value approximately 8). The present data demonstrate that BIBN4096BS is a very potent antagonist that could, depending on its bioavailability and in vivo affinity, be of potential benefit in the acute treatment of migraine headache by blocking and/or reversing the CGRP-mediated dilation of intracranial vessels induced by activation of trigeminovascular afferents.Neuropharmacology 04/2002; 42(4):568-76. · 4.11 Impact Factor