Association of HPC2/ELAC2 polymorphism with prostate cancer risk in a Japanese population.
ABSTRACT To investigate the relationship between two common variants (Ser217 and Ala541) of the HPC2/ELAC2 gene and prostate cancer risk in a Japanese population, we performed a case-control study.
Cases and controls consisted of 81 prostate cancer patients with a family history and 106 controls. Ser217 and Ala541 polymorphisms were analyzed by the restriction fragment length polymorphism method.
In controls, 94.5% and 100.0% had wild-type Ser217Ser and Ala541Ala genotypes, respectively. 5.7% of the controls had the Leu217 genotype. No Thr541 genotype was observed in the controls. 92.6% and 97.5% of the cases had the Ser217Ser and Ala541Ala genotypes. No significant differences were observed in the genotypic frequencies between controls and cases. We stratified prostate cancer cases according to the pathological grade (low- or high-grade) or the clinical stage (localized or metastatic). There was no statistical difference between the genotypic frequencies between the groups.
The present study suggested that the common variants in the HPC2/ELAC2 gene play a limited role in the risk of prostate cancer in the Japanese population.
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ABSTRACT: Polymorphisms in the elaC homolog-2 (ELAC2)/HPC2 gene have been hypothesized to alter the risk of prostate cancer. However, the results of the related published studies remained conflicting. We performed a meta-analysis of 18 studies evaluating the association between ELAC2 Ser217Leu and Ala541Thr polymorphisms and prostate cancer risk. Overall, ELAC2 Leu217 allele was associated with increased prostate cancer risk as compared with the Ser217 allele (odds ratio (OR)=1.13, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.03-1.24, P=0.019 for heterogeneity), as well as in the heterozygote comparison (OR=1.21, 95% CI: 1.07-1.36, P=0.034 for heterogeneity) and the dominant genetic model (OR=1.20, 95% CI: 1.07-1.35, P=0.025 for heterogeneity). Furthermore, the ELAC2 Thr541 allele was associated with increased prostate cancer risk as compared with the Ala541 allele (OR=1.22, 95% CI: 1.00-0.48, P=0.131 for heterogeneity). In the stratified analyses for Ser217Leu polymorphism, there was significantly increased prostate cancer risk in Asian and Caucasian populations, and studies using sporadic and familial prostate cancer cases. Similar result was found in the Asian population in the stratified analyses for Ala541Thr polymorphism. This meta-analysis showed evidence that ELAC2 Ser217Leu and Ala541Thr polymorphisms were associated with prostate cancer risk, and might be low-penetrance susceptibility markers of prostate cancer.Prostate cancer and prostatic diseases 03/2010; 13(3):270-7. · 2.10 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In association analyses, it is critical that informative single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) be selected for study and utilized appropriately. We sequenced 38 kb, including exons of ELAC2, promoter region and conserved upstream intergenic sequences. A comprehensive characterization of linkage disequilibrium (LD) structure and mutation history was performed using our principal components analysis (PCA) method and a phylogenetic analysis. We identified a complex pattern of LD structure consistent with the occurrence of both recombination and mutation events within ELAC2. Four overlapping and noncontiguous LD groups were defined. Eight tagging SNPs (tSNPs) were identified, accounting for over 90% of the genetic variation of the 19 total variants. We tested associations between familial early-onset prostate cancer (PRCA) and each variant independently and in haplotypes. We performed these tests using all 19 variants and the 8 tSNPs; the results using tSNP haplotypes accurately represent the association evidence for the full haplotypes. We observed increased evidence for association when SNPs were analyzed in haplotypes. The phylogenetic analysis indicated three haplotypes, clustered farthest from the root-node, all of which were found more often in cases than controls. These three haplotypes together showed the best evidence of association with familial, early-onset PRCA (P=0.0024; odds ratio=2.23; 95% CI, 1.33-3.74), indicating possible allelic heterogeneity. Our results suggest that 8 tSNPs are required to comprehensively assess associations in ELAC2, and that haplotypes should be considered for analysis, and that a knowledge of mutation history may be helpful in parsing allelic heterogeneity and suggesting combinations of haplotypes to be tested.Genetic Epidemiology 05/2005; 28(3):232-43. · 4.02 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Studies of the genetic influences on prostate cancer have indicated that there are familial genes that account for only a small fraction of the genetic components of prostate cancer. Many investigators have investigated the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms in candidate genes with an increased risk in prostate cancer. The types of candidates examined include genes in steroid metabolism, oxidative stress, and DNA repair as well as common variants of genes found by family studies. These analyses have identified some SNPs that are associated with prostate cancer risk. A complete genetic snapshot of prosatate cancer risk will only be obtained when all the genetic risk factors are identified and combined with other known markers of risk.Frontiers in Bioscience 02/2007; 12:4111-31. · 3.29 Impact Factor