Association of HPC2/ELAC2 polymorphism with prostate cancer risk in a Japanese population.
ABSTRACT To investigate the relationship between two common variants (Ser217 and Ala541) of the HPC2/ELAC2 gene and prostate cancer risk in a Japanese population, we performed a case-control study.
Cases and controls consisted of 81 prostate cancer patients with a family history and 106 controls. Ser217 and Ala541 polymorphisms were analyzed by the restriction fragment length polymorphism method.
In controls, 94.5% and 100.0% had wild-type Ser217Ser and Ala541Ala genotypes, respectively. 5.7% of the controls had the Leu217 genotype. No Thr541 genotype was observed in the controls. 92.6% and 97.5% of the cases had the Ser217Ser and Ala541Ala genotypes. No significant differences were observed in the genotypic frequencies between controls and cases. We stratified prostate cancer cases according to the pathological grade (low- or high-grade) or the clinical stage (localized or metastatic). There was no statistical difference between the genotypic frequencies between the groups.
The present study suggested that the common variants in the HPC2/ELAC2 gene play a limited role in the risk of prostate cancer in the Japanese population.
SourceAvailable from: Rick A Kittles[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The RNASEL and HPC2/ELAC2 genes have been implicated in hereditary prostate cancer. Further assessment of the role of these genes in sporadic prostate cancer in African American men (AAM) is warranted. Genotyping of HPC2/ELAC2 variants (S217L, A541T), along with RNASEL variants (R462Q and E541D) was completed in 155 African American sporadic and 88 familial prostate cancer cases, and 296 healthy male controls. Logistic regression analysis was performed and odds ratios (OR) were calculated, while correcting for both age and population stratification using admixture informative markers. The HPC2/ELAC2 217L allele was significantly associated with risk of prostate cancer when taking all cases into account (OR = 1.6; 1.0-2.6; P = 0.03). The RNASEL 541D allele was associated with a decrease in risk of prostate cancer in sporadic cases (OR = 0.4; 0.2-0.8; P = 0.01). We did not detect an association between prostate cancer risk and the RNASEL R462Q variant. Results from haplotype analyses of the two RNASEL variants revealed highly significant differences in haplotype allele frequencies between cases and controls suggesting a synergistic effect at the RNASEL locus. One haplotype in particular (462R-541D) is far more frequent in our control population and shows a strong protective effect against prostate cancer (OR = 0.47, P = 8.1 x 10(-9)). These results suggest that HPC2/ELAC2 and RNASEL may play a role, however minor, in prostate cancer risk among AAM.The Prostate 12/2008; 68(16):1790-7. DOI:10.1002/pros.20841 · 3.57 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The incidence of prostate cancer is related to aging. Its increase in the last 10 years, varies from country to country and according to ethnic group, with its greatest incidence among African-American males and the least among Asian males. Only two risk factors have thus far been clearly established for prostate cancer: familial aggregation and ethnic origin. No dietary or environmental cause has yet been identified for prostate cancer. However, some variations in endogenous factors, such as sex steroids or IGF1 circulating levels, may partly explain differences in risk observed between different populations. Genetic polymorphisms of genes encoding for 5alpha-reductase, androgen receptor, or vitamin D receptor have been associated with different degrees of risk for prostate cancer and may explain variations in risk among ethnic groups or within geographic areas. Different studies support the theory that familial prostate cancer may be hereditary and not due to a similar lifestyle. Thus, familial inheritance is a parameter that must be considered when advising screening in high-risk families. Indeed, the relative risk for first-degree relatives of prostate cancer patients can reach 2, 5 and 11 when, respectively, 1, 2 and 3 first-degree relatives are affected. Some familial forms appear to be associated with transmission of a rare, putative, autosomal dominant gene (0.003-0.06 allele frequency) with a high penetrance (88% at age 85). Using this transmission model and linkage analysis, three predisposing loci on chromosome 1: HPC-1 (hereditary prostate cancer 1: 1q24-25), PCaP (predisposing for prostate cancer: 1q42-43) and CAPB (predisposing for prostate and brain tumor: 1p36) and one locus on chromosome 20 (HPC20: 20q13) have been described. Moreover, X-linked transmission has been suggested and related to another predisposing gene locus: HPCX (Xq27-28). It is possible that a large proportion of familial prostate cancer is due not to segregation of a few major gene mutations transmitted according to a monogenic inheritance, but rather to familial sharing of alleles at many loci, each contributing to a small increase in cancer risk.European Journal of Internal Medicine 03/2001; 12(1):11-16. DOI:10.1016/S0953-6205(00)00136-9 · 2.30 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Polymorphisms in the elaC homolog-2 (ELAC2)/HPC2 gene have been hypothesized to alter the risk of prostate cancer. However, the results of the related published studies remained conflicting. We performed a meta-analysis of 18 studies evaluating the association between ELAC2 Ser217Leu and Ala541Thr polymorphisms and prostate cancer risk. Overall, ELAC2 Leu217 allele was associated with increased prostate cancer risk as compared with the Ser217 allele (odds ratio (OR)=1.13, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.03-1.24, P=0.019 for heterogeneity), as well as in the heterozygote comparison (OR=1.21, 95% CI: 1.07-1.36, P=0.034 for heterogeneity) and the dominant genetic model (OR=1.20, 95% CI: 1.07-1.35, P=0.025 for heterogeneity). Furthermore, the ELAC2 Thr541 allele was associated with increased prostate cancer risk as compared with the Ala541 allele (OR=1.22, 95% CI: 1.00-0.48, P=0.131 for heterogeneity). In the stratified analyses for Ser217Leu polymorphism, there was significantly increased prostate cancer risk in Asian and Caucasian populations, and studies using sporadic and familial prostate cancer cases. Similar result was found in the Asian population in the stratified analyses for Ala541Thr polymorphism. This meta-analysis showed evidence that ELAC2 Ser217Leu and Ala541Thr polymorphisms were associated with prostate cancer risk, and might be low-penetrance susceptibility markers of prostate cancer.Prostate cancer and prostatic diseases 03/2010; 13(3):270-7. DOI:10.1038/pcan.2010.6 · 2.83 Impact Factor