Array technology and proteomics in autoimmune diseases.

Department of Pathology, Universitätsklinikum Charité, Schumannstrasse 20121, Berlin 10117, Germany.
Pathology - Research and Practice (Impact Factor: 1.21). 02/2004; 200(2):95-103. DOI: 10.1016/j.prp.2004.02.005
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Two new technologies (tissue microarrays (TMAs) and proteomics) have generated a great amount of data in life science. High-density TMAs allow for the simultaneous analysis of proteins and RNA by various methods (immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridization, FISH) on a large scale and under highly standardized conditions. Proteomics includes a variety of techniques that are partly high throughput. These techniques aim at the innovation of proteins, the description of the domain structure, the determination of protein sequences and epitope characterization, and ultimately the definition of protein function and protein reactivities in immunologic processes. Proteins that have been characterized accordingly require validation mostly at the morphologic level of defined tissue, linking proteomics to TMAs. In autoimmune diseases, array-based antigenic fingerprinting of autoantibodies will drive the development and the selection of antigen-specific diagnostic tools and therapies. The powerful combination of genomics and proteomics formed in tissue arrays has the potential to change the way the biology of autoimmunity is studied. Novel targets of drug discovery, based on antigen-specific therapies to induce anergy, or regulatory T-cells using the targeted autoantigens of individual patients could be developed in the coming decades.

1 Bookmark
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Antigen array technologies enable large-scale profiling of the specificity of antibody responses against autoantigens, tumor antigens and microbial antigens. Antibody profiling will provide insights into pathogenesis, and will enable development of novel tests for diagnosis and guiding therapy in the clinic. Recent advances in the field include development of antigen array-based approaches to examine immune responses against antigens encoded in genetic libraries, post-translationally modified proteins, and other biomolecules such as lipids. A promising application is the use of antibody profiling to guide development and selection of antigen-specific therapies to treat autoimmune disease. This review discusses these advances and the challenges ahead for development and refinement of antibody profiling technologies for use in the research laboratory and the clinic.
    Current Opinion in Chemical Biology 03/2006; 10(1):67-72. · 9.47 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Protein microarray technology has emerged as a powerful tool for comparing binding interactions, expression level, substrate specificities, and posttranslational modifications (PTMs) of different proteins in a parallel and high-throughput manner. The ability to immobilize proteins to a solid surface and register the specific address of each protein has bridged major limitations for investigating the proteome in biological samples, namely, the wide dynamic range of protein concentrations and the perturbation of the physical and chemical properties of proteins by their modification. Recent advances introduced the use of functional mammalian cell extracts to assay PTMs under different cellular conditions. This assay offers a new approach for performing large-scale complex biochemical analysis of protein modifications. Here, we review studies of PTM profiling using protein microarrays and discuss the limitations and potential applications of the system. We believe that the information generated from such proteomic studies may be of significant value in our elucidation of the molecular mechanisms that govern human physiology.
    Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews Systems Biology and Medicine 05/2011; 3(3):347-56. · 3.68 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recent advances in genomics-based identification of gene families and gene polymorphisms associated with immune system dysfunction have answered basic questions in immunology and have begun to move forward our understanding of immune-related disease processes. In toxicology, "omic" technologies have the potential to replace or supplement current immunotoxicological screening procedures, to provide insight into potential mode or mechanisms of action, and to provide data suitable for risk assessment. The application of omic technologies to the study of the immune system also has great potential to appreciably impact the diagnosis and treatment of immune-related diseases. This review focuses on the use of omic technologies in immunopharmacology and immunotoxicology, specifically considering the potential for these technologies to impact chemical hazard identification, risk characterization and risk assessment, and the development and application of novel therapeutics. The state of the science of omics technologies and the immune system is addressed in terms of a continuum of understanding of how omics technologies can and cannot yet be applied in the various aspects of immunopharmacology and immunotoxicology. Additionally, information gaps are identified that, once addressed, will move each area further down the continuum of understanding.
    Toxicology mechanisms and methods 01/2006; 16(2-3):101-19. · 1.37 Impact Factor


Available from
May 16, 2014