Differential expression of SAP and EAT-2-binding leukocyte cell-surface molecules CD84, CD150 (SLAM), CD229 (Ly9) and CD244 (2B4).

Department of Cellular Biology and Pathology, Immunology Unit, Medical School, University of Barcelona and Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, Barcelona, Spain.
Tissue Antigens (Impact Factor: 2.35). 09/2004; 64(2):132-44. DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-0039.2004.00247.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The CD150 (SLAM) family consists of nine leukocyte cell-surface proteins involved in lymphocyte activation that belong to the immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily. Six members of this family--CD84, CD150 (SLAM), CD229 (Ly9), CD244 (2B4), NTB-A, and CS1--associate with adapter proteins--SLAM-associated protein (SAP) and EAT-2. SAP is a short intracellular molecule that is mutated in humans with X-linked lymphoproliferative disease. Flow cytometric analysis of the expression of CD84, CD150, CD229, and CD244 cell-surface receptors on several leukocyte and lymphocyte subsets was performed. CD84 and CD150 were present on thymocytes, mature T cells and antigen-presenting cells. The expression of CD84 and CD150 was high on memory T cells. CD150 expression was strongly up-regulated after cell activation. In contrast to CD84, CD150 was absent on resting monocytes and immature dendritic cells (DCs). CD229 presented a pattern of expression restricted to lymphocytes. CD244 was preferentially expressed on natural killer cells, CD8(+) effector cells, resting monocytes, basophils, and eosinophils. We describe a broader distribution of CD84, CD150, CD229, and CD244 than previously reported and show that they are differentially expressed on hematopoietic cells. The heterogeneous expression of these receptors indicates that these molecules may play non-redundant functions in the regulation of both innate and adaptive immune responses.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Canine distemper virus (CDV) is an animal morbillivirus with a worldwide circulation that infects carnivores, including domestic dogs and an assortment of wildlife hosts. The development of reverse genetics systems for wild-type strains of CDV and the use of the resulting recombinant (r) viruses to infect ferrets by a natural route has shed new light on the temporal pathogenesis of distemper. Combining fluorescent protein expressing recombinant viruses and multimodal, macroscopic and microscopic imaging modalities has highlighted the differential role of the cellular receptors CD150 and PVRL4 in disease progression. This in turn has enabled pathways of viral spread, including multiple routes of entry into the central nervous system, to be mapped with unparalleled sensitivity.
    Current opinion in virology. 12/2013; 4C:15-23.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: SLAMF9 is a member of the signaling lymphocyte-activating molecule (SLAM) immunoreceptor family. The SLAM family receptors are expressed in a broad range of immune cells and play an important role in immunity. To date, SLAMF9 is the least studied member of this family. Its ligand, signaling properties, and cells on whose surface it is expressed are unknown. We generated hybridoma clones 6E11 and 7G5 secreting monoclonal antibodies specific to human SLAMF9. BALB/c mice were immunized with Escherichia coli-expressed purified SLAMF9 protein; splenocytes from these mice were fused with mouse myeloma cell line NS-1. Based on isotyping of the MAbs, clone 6E11 was referred to the IgG1 subclass, while 7G5 to IgG2b. The specificity of these MAbs was assessed by ELISA, immunoblotting, immunohistochemistry, and flow cytometry. According to the results of epitope analysis, clone 6E11 reacts with the C2-like domain, whereas 7G5 is specific to the V-like domain of the SLAMF9 molecule. The generated MAbs were demonstrated to be applicable in various immunochemical analyses. They may be useful tools in studies clarifying the expression and function of human SLAMF9.
    Monoclonal antibodies in immunodiagnosis and immunotherapy. 08/2014; 33(4):209-14.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Human blood monocytes are known to include subsets defined by the expression of CD14 and CD16 but otherwise are often assumed to be relatively homogeneous. However, we had observed additional heterogeneity that led us to a more extensive examination of monocytes. Blood samples from 200 healthy adults without known immunological abnormalities were examined by analysis with a hematology analyzer and by flow cytometry (FCM) to determine leukocyte differential counts, to identify subsets and to measure expression of monocyte-associated molecules. The estimated cell counts of monocytes, neutrophils, total lymphocytes, and T cells all varied to a similar extent, that is, ±30-35%. The fractions of monocyte subsets defined by CD14 and CD16 or by CD163 expression also varied among individuals. FCM examinations showed that all the monocyte-associated molecules that were examined varied in expression in this increasing order-CD244, CD4, CD38, CD91, CD11b, toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2), TIA-1, CD14 (on CD14(Br+) cells), CD86, CD80, HLA-DQ, CD33, and HLA-DR. Human blood monocytes are heterogeneous among healthy adults with respect to cell counts, subsets, and the levels of expression of monocyte-associated molecules. An increase in the "non-classical" (CD14(Lo/Neg) /CD16(+) ) monocyte subset or in the expression of CD11b or TLR2 have known diagnostic/prognostic implications. CD244 and CD4 have well-defined functions on lymphocytes but perform unknown activities on monocytes although their expression appears more narrowly controlled. Together, these data suggest that monocytes should be more extensively examined in both clinical and basic contexts. © 2013 International Clinical Cytometry Society.
    Cytometry Part B Clinical Cytometry 12/2013; · 2.23 Impact Factor