Viral abundance and a high proportion of lysogens suggest that viruses are important members of the microbial community in the Gulf of Trieste.

Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Food Technology, University of Ljubljana, Vecna pot 111, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.
Microbial Ecology (Impact Factor: 3.12). 02/2004; 47(1):1-8. DOI: 10.1007/BF03036884
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Epifluorescence microscopy and transmission electron microscopy were applied to study virioplankton community in the Gulf of Trieste (northern Adriatic Sea). The total viral abundance was in a range between 2.5 x 10(9)/L and 2.9 x 10(10)/L and was positively correlated with trophic status of the environment. Viruslike particles were significantly correlated with bacterial abundance in all samples studied. Correlations with other physicochemical or biological parameters were not significant. The data suggest that, because of the substantial fraction of tailed viruses present (26%), bacteriophages are an important component of the virioplankton community in the Gulf of Trieste. The abundance of viruslike particles in the seawater changed at hour intervals in a range from 1.3 x 10(9)/L to 5.1 x 10(9)/L. A significant fraction (71%) of the bacterial isolates was inducible in vitro by mitomycin C, and a high occurrence (51%) of lysogenic isolates with more than one phage morphotype present in the lysate was detected. The presence of lysogenic bacteria in the seawater was confirmed in situ with a mitomycin C induction experiment on the natural bacterial population. Results suggest that virioplankton is an abundant component of the microbial community in the Gulf of Trieste.

  • Source
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: While generally described as a bipartite mutualistic association between fungi and algae or cyanobacteria, lichens also host diverse and heretofore little explored communities of nonphototrophic endolichenic bacteria. The composition and possible roles of these bacterial communities in the lichen symbiotic association constitute an emerging field of research. Saxicolous (rock-dwelling) seashore lichens present an unusual environment, characterized by rapid fluctuations in temperature, salinity, exposure to solar radiation, etc. The present study focuses on the bacterial biota associated with 4 species of crustose, halophilic, saxicolous seashore lichens found in northern Iceland. A denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis based characterization of the composition of the lichen-associated microbiotas indicated that they are markedly lichen-species-specific and clearly distinguishable from the environmental microbiota represented by control sampling. A collection of bacterial strains was investigated and partially identified by 16S rDNA sequencing. The strains were found to belong to 7 classes: Alphaproteobacteria, Bacilli, Actinobacteria, Flavobacteria, Cytophagia, Sphingobacteria, and Gammaproteobacteria. Several isolates display only a modest level of similarity to their nearest relatives found in GenBank, suggesting that they comprise previously undescribed taxa. Selected strains were tested for inorganic phosphate solubilization and biodegradation of several biopolymers, such as barley β-glucan, xylan, chitosan, and lignin. The results support a nutrient-scavenging role of the associate microbiota in the seashore lichen symbiotic association.
    Canadian Journal of Microbiology 05/2014; 60(5). · 1.18 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An extensive water sample survey was conducted in southern Ontario, Canada across a variety of freshwater systems in order to further understand the role of viruses in aquatic environments. Backwards stepwise multiple regression analysis found that VLP (virus-like particle) abundance, phosphate, pH, sulfate, and magnesium are predictors of prokaryotic abundance with the model describing 90% of the variability in the data (R2 = 0.90). Statistically significant (P 2 = 0.78) although moderate Pearson component analysis correlations (r) were noted with ferrihydrite, jarosite, and pyrolusite. These relationships indicate that viral inactivation through mineral attachment may be a contributor to the moderate relationship between VLP and prokaryotic abundance (rs = 0.45). In addition, VLP abundance is shown to have a stronger correlation with minerals SI values than prokaryotes indicating a stronger mineral influence with viruses.
    Geomicrobiology 10/2013; 30(9). · 1.80 Impact Factor

Full-text (4 Sources)

Available from
May 22, 2014