Synergic activity of selenium and probiotic bacterium Enterococcus faecium M-74 against selected mutagens in Salmonella assay.
ABSTRACT Concentrated extracts of MRS (De Man-Rogosa-Sharpe) media in which probiotic bacterium Enterococcus faecium strain M-74 was grown exerted different antimutagenic activity against ofloxacin-, N-methyl, N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine- and sodium 5-nitro-2-furylacrylate-induced mutagenicity in Salmonella typhimurium assay depending on the presence (+Se) or absence of disodium selenite pentahydrate (-Se). The antimutagenicity of MRS(+Se) extract was higher than that of MRS(-Se) extract. Selenium enhanced also the antimutagenic effect of both live and killed cells of E. faecium M-74, respectively. The live bacteria decreased the mutagenicity of selected substances more than killed cells. Synergic activity of selenium with the bacterium was also manifested.
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ABSTRACT: Enterococci isolated from 28 different commercially available feeds (10-1000 CFU/mL) were identified and their probiotic potential was determined. Species identification of 22 selected strains was performed by intergenic length-polymorphism analysis (tRNA-PCR); PCR products were analyzed using capillary electrophoresis. Six strains were allotted to the species Enterococcus faecium, four to E. faecalis, one to E. hirae; the remaining strains were not classed. The strains were sensitive to vancomycin, ampicillin, tetracycline and rifampicin. They were able to adhere to human as well as canine intestinal mucus. They produced lactic acid (0.99-1.04 mmol/L) and most of them were urease-positive with sufficient survival in 5 % Oxgall-bile. They did not show any inhibitory activity due to antimicrobial substances. Plasmid DNA was detected in 8 strains, the bands responding to small molecular size (10 kbp). Considering all probiotically important properties, E. faecium strain EE3 was suggested as potential feed additive.Folia Microbiologica 02/2008; 53(1):84-8. · 0.79 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Two newly bifunctional organoiron seleno-terephthalate derivatives (S1 and S2) were synthesized as potential anticarcinogenic compounds. In a previous study, they were found to have antibacterial and/or antifungal activity, while they did not show any mutagenic action. Such compounds were investigated in the present study for their antimutagenic activity. Sodium azide, hydrogen peroxide, and 4-nitro-o-phenylenediamine, as known mutagens for strains TA100, TA102, and TA98 of Salmonella typhimurium, respectively, were used. Both (S1 and S2) compounds showed a strong antimutagenic action of >98% against sodium azide, >70% against hydrogen peroxide, and >65% activity against 4-nitro-o-phenylenediamine. Bearing in mind the strong correlation between mutagenicity and carcinogenicity, the above compounds can be considered as potentially promising anticarcinogens. Therefore, the present results are very encouraging to investigate the above compounds for other biological activities, including their evaluation as anticarcinogens. A suggested mechanism for the antimutagenicity of the tested compounds is presented.Drug and Chemical Toxicology 07/2010; 33(3):254-60. · 1.29 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Selenium (Se) has received great attention in the last few years, as it is considered to be essential for human health (prevention of viral infections, heart diseases and ageing-related diseases). Se deficiency can be counteracted by the administration of selenium-enriched probiotics that are able to convert inorganic selenium into less toxic and more bio-available organic forms. This study was performed on Lactobacillus reuteri Lb2 BM DSM 16143, a probiotic LAB previously demonstrated to be able to fix Se into selenocysteines. The aim was to assess Se influence on its metabolism, by a 2-DE proteomic approach, on two different cellular districts: envelope-enriched and extracellular proteomes. While in the envelope-enriched fraction 15 differentially expressed proteins were identified, in the extracellular proteome no quantitative difference was detected. However, at a molecular level, we observed the insertion of Se into selenocysteine, exclusively under the stimulated conditions. The obtained results confirmed the possibility to use L. reuteri Lb2 BM DSM 16143 as a carrier of organic Se that can be easily released in the gut becoming available for the human host.Molecular BioSystems 01/2014; · 3.35 Impact Factor