Vibrational coherence transfer characterized with Fourier-transform 2D IR spectroscopy.
ABSTRACT Two-dimensional infrared (2D IR) spectroscopy of the symmetric and asymmetric C[Triple Bond]O stretching vibrations of Rh(CO)(2)acac in hexane has been used to investigate vibrational coherence transfer, dephasing, and population relaxation in a multilevel vibrational system. The transfer of coherence between close-lying vibrational frequencies results in extra relaxation-induced peaks in the 2D IR spectrum, whose amplitude depends on the coherence transfer rate. Coherence transfer arises from the mutual interaction of the bright CO stretches with dark states, which in this case reflects the mutual d-pi(*) back bonding of the Rh center to both the terminal carbonyls and the acetylacenonate ligand. For 2D IR relaxation experiments with variable waiting times, coherent dynamics lead to the modulation of peak amplitudes, while incoherent population relaxation and exchange results in the growth of the relaxation-induced peaks. We have modeled the data by propagating the density matrix with the Redfield equation, incorporating all vibrational relaxation processes during all three experimental time periods and including excitation reorientation effects arising from relaxation. Coherence and population transfer time scales from the symmetric to the asymmetric stretch were found to be 350 fs and 3 ps, respectively. We also discuss a diagrammatic approach to incorporating all vibrational relaxation processes into the nonlinear response function, and show how coherence transfer influences the analysis of structural variables from 2D IR spectroscopy.
Article: Photoelectron angular distributions.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy has been performed for more than 70 years in various guises, but recently its potential to help solve in detail problems in the photoionization dynamics and intramolecular dynamics of gas-phase molecules has been recognized. One key development has been the design of experiments in appropriate geometries to extract information that pertains to the molecular frame, another has been the development of imaging spectrometers, and a third is the use of ultrafast lasers to cause photoionization. In this review, which is aimed at experimentalists, simple expressions for photoelectron angular distributions (PADs) in various experimental geometries are given and their applications explained.Annual Review of Physical Chemistry 02/2003; 54:397-424. · 13.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Photosynthetic light harvesting is a unique life process that occurs with amazing efficiency. Since the discovery of the structure of the bacterial peripheral light-harvesting complex (LH2), this process has been studied using a variety of advanced laser spectroscopic methods. We are now in a position to discuss the physical origins of excitation energy transfer and trapping in the LH2 and LH1 antennae of photosynthetic purple bacteria. We demonstrate that the time evolution of the state created by the light is determined by the combined action of excitonic pigment-pitment interactions, energetic disorder, and coupling to nuclear motion in a pigment-protein complex. A quantitative fit of experimental data using Redfield theory allowed us to determine the pathways and time scales of exciton and vibrational relaxation and analyze separately different contributions to the measured transient absorption dynamics. Furthermore, these dynamics were observed to be strongly dependent on the excitation wavelength. A numerical fit of this dependence turns out to be extremely critical to a variation of the structure and disorder parameters and, therefore, can be used as a test for different antenna models (disordered ring, elliptical deformations, correlated disorder, etc.). The calculated equilibration dynamics in the exciton basis allow a visualization of the exciton motion using a density matrix picture in real space.Biochemistry 01/2002; 40(50):15057-68. · 3.38 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The fluorescence decay kinetics of the photosystem I-only mutant strain of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, A4d, are used to study energy transfer and structural organization in photosystem I (PSI). Time-resolved measurements over a wide temperature range (36-295 K) have been made both on cells containing approximately 65 core chl a/P700 and an additional 60-70 chl a + b from LHC proteins and on PSI particles containing 40-50 chl a/P700. In each case, the fluorescence decay kinetics is dominated by a short component, tau 1 which is largely attributed to the lifetime of the excitations in the core complex. The results are discussed in terms of simulations of the temperature dependence of tau 1 in model systems. Spectral inhomogeneity and the temperature dependence of the spectral lineshapes are included explicitly in the simulations. Various kinds of antenna arrangements are modeled with and without the inclusion of pigments with lower absorption energies than the trap (red pigments). We conclude that funnel arrangements are not consistent with our measurements. A random model that includes one or two red pigments placed close to the trap shows temperature and wavelength dependence similar to that observed experimentally. A comparison of the temperature dependence of tau 1 for cells and PSI particles is included.Biophysical Journal 05/1992; 61(4):868-78. · 3.67 Impact Factor