Bilateral ovarian fibromatosis presenting with ascites and hirsutism
ABSTRACT Ovarian fibromatosis is a very rare nonneoplastic disease. Due to the rarity and atypical clinical presentations, they may give rise to a misdiagnosis of malignancy and unnecessary extensive surgical interventions. Literature lacks definitive data about this rare disease and its preoperative evaluations. MRI together with the intraoperative frozen section may help us to define the benign nature of the disease. In this report, we aimed to review the literature and give a highlight to the gynecologic oncologists about this rare disease.
A 19-year-old female patient admitted to our hospital with the complaints of menstrual irregularity, hirsutism, and increased abdominal girth. Physical examination revealed bilateral ovarian mass, hirsutism, and ascites. Serum CA-125 levels were slightly elevated. Preoperative MRI study showed bilateral hypointense lobulated ovarian masses. With the initial diagnosis of ovarian tumor, we performed explorative laparotomy and excised both masses. Final pathology was reported as bilateral ovarian fibromatosis.
Ovarian fibromatosis commonly presents with ascites and solid pelvic mass and can be misdiagnosed as a malignant ovarian tumor. In young patients, clinicians should consider ovarian fibromatosis in differential diagnosis of pelvic mass. Preoperative MRI findings and intraoperative frozen examination may be used to avoid unnecessary aggressive surgical management.
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ABSTRACT: The ovarian fibroma is a rare benign tumor originating from the connective tissue of the ovarian cortex. On occasion, the general surgeon may encounter ovarian fibroma while operating an acute abdomen. We present a series of 15 ovarian fibromas encountered in 13 patients over 11 years experience in our general surgical ward. Only four cases required emergency operations due to either tumors or adnexal torsion. High-resolution ultrasound scan with color Doppler suggested an ovarian fibroma in only ten cases, while CT and MRI were suggestive for the diagnosis in three other cases. Surgical treatment consisted of five ovarectomies, three adnexal resections and five total hysterectomies with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. Seven patients underwent laparoscopic surgery, four of them for an ovarian resection and in three for an adnexectomy. Laparoscopic approach has significant advantages by limiting parietal aggression with better cosmetic results, short hospital admission, lower costs, few postoperative adhesions and rapid recovery.Acta chirurgica Belgica 11/2006; 107(6):664-9. · 0.44 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Ovarian fibromatosis is a rare benign nonneoplastic condition with ovarian enlargement in young women and characterized by a proliferation of collagen-producing spindle cells surrounding normal ovarian structures. We reported magnetic resonance findings of a case that the affected ovarian parenchyma with follicles was surrounded by very low intense thick fibrous tissue on T2-weighted images such as "black garland" around the ovary. The magnetic resonance findings well reflected the pathological feature of the disease and may be diagnostic.Journal of computer assisted tomography 32(5):776-7. DOI:10.1097/RCT.0b013e318157689a · 1.60 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In reproductive women, various physiologic conditions can cause morphologic changes of the ovary, resembling pathologic conditions. Benign ovarian diseases can also simulate malignancies. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can play an important role in establishing accurate diagnosis. Functional cysts should not be confused with cystic neoplasms. Corpus luteum cysts typically have a thick wall and are occasionally hemorrhagic. Multicystic lesions that may mimic cystic neoplasms include hyperreactio luteinalis, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, and polycystic ovary syndrome. Recognition of clinical settings can help establish diagnosis. In endometrial cysts, MRI usually provides specific diagnosis; however, decidual change during pregnancy should not be confused with secondary neoplasm. Peritoneal inclusion cysts can be distinguished from cystic neoplasms by recognition of their characteristic configurations. Ovarian torsion and massive ovarian edema may mimic solid malignant tumors. Recognition of normal follicles and anatomic structures is useful in diagnosing these conditions. In pelvic inflammatory diseases, transfascial spread of the lesion should not be confused with invasive malignant tumors. Radiologic identification of abscess formation can be a diagnostic clue. Many benign tumors, including teratoma, Brenner tumor, and sex-cord stromal tumor, frequently show characteristic MRI features. Knowledge of MRI features of these conditions is essential in establishing accurate diagnosis and determining appropriate treatment.European Radiology 01/2007; 16(12):2700-11. DOI:10.1007/s00330-006-0302-6 · 4.34 Impact Factor