Article

Levels of soluble adhesion molecules in various clinical presentations of coronary atherosclerosis.

Department of Cardiology, Yüksek Ihtisas Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
International Journal of Cardiology (Impact Factor: 6.18). 09/2004; 96(2):235-40. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2003.07.014
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Adhesion molecules play an important role in the development and course of coronary atherosclerosis. In this study, soluble forms of vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM-1) intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), E-selectin and P-selectin were evaluated in patients with various clinical presentations of coronary atherosclerosis and compared them to those with angiographically documented normal coronary arteries. Venous plasma samples were collected from 43 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), 45 with unstable angina pectoris (UAP), 34 with stable angina pectoris (SAP) and 29 subjects with normal coronary arteries (control). The VCAM-1 level was significantly higher in patients with AMI (mean +/- SEM; 799.8 +/- 26.3 ng/ml) than those with UAP (644.2 +/- 26.7 ng/ml) and SAP (526 +/- 32.5 ng/ml) and controls (270 +/- 26.8 ng/ml). In patients with UAP, VCAM-1 was found to be significantly elevated as compared to the SAP group and controls. VCAM-1 level was also higher in SAP group than the controls. Serum levels ICAM-1 were similar among patients with AMI (424.1 +/- 15.2 ng/ml), UAP (403 +/- 12.3 ng/ml) and SAP (381.2 +/- 16.2 ng/ml); however, levels of ICAM-1 was significantly elevated in these groups as compared to the controls (244.3 +/- 11). The mean level of E-selectin was not different in AMI and UAP groups (47.2 +/- 2.2 vs. 42.6 +/- 2.1 ng/ml; respectively). However, it was significantly higher in acute coronary syndrome groups as compared to SAP (33.4 +/- 2.3 ng/ml) and control subjects (30.7 +/- 1.9 ng/ml). Serum levels of E-selectin were similar in SAP group and controls. For P-selectin, no significant difference was observed between AMI and UAP groups (187.5 +/- 7.2 vs. 181.7 +/- 4.7 ng/ml; respectively), however, it was significantly higher in both groups as compared to SAP group (146.1 +/- 7.4 ng/ml) and controls (108 +/- 6.6 ng/ml). Serum level of P-selectin was significantly higher in patients with SAP than the control group. In conclusion, determination of serum VCAM-1, E-selectin and P-selectin levels seems more useful for detecting coronary plaque destabilization.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
71 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Intraplaque neovascularization and foam cell infiltration contribute to the development of unstable plaque, leading to thromboembolism and stroke. Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) have been reported to be involved in the progression of atherosclerosis and plaque vulnerability. The aim of this study was to assess the association of adhesion molecule CD146 with carotid plaque instability. We collected forty atherosclerotic plaques from 40 patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy. The clinical information of each patient was obtained, and the plaque morphology and characteristics were examined by the ultrasound. The CD146 expressions of the plaques were graded by using semiquantitative scales. The serum level of soluble form of CD146 was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). CD146 expression was mainly on the intraplaque blood vessels and infiltrated macrophages. The CD146 expression was strongly correlated with the matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP-9)expressions (P < 0.001) in the plaques. Soluble CD146 (sCD146) was also elevated in patients with atherosclerotic plaques. There was significant correlation between the increased CD146 expression and sCD146 level (P = 0.0057). sCD146 correlated well with serum MMP-9 (P < 0.0044), IL-6 (P = 0.0044) and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) (P = 0.005). Adhesion molecules CD146 and its soluble form strongly correlated with the development of inflammation of atherosclerosis and plaque instability. CD146 may be a promising biomarker for monitoring the development and instability of atherosclerotic plaque in patients with carotid diseases.
    CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics 02/2014; · 4.46 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), an important immune adhesion molecule, is related to the atherosclerosis. We explored the association between the polymorphisms of the ICAM-1 gene and coronary atherosclerotic stenosis to determine whether any risk factors correlate with genetic polymorphisms in Chinese patients with coronary atherosclerosis. Using the SNaPshot assay, we examined six SNPs of rs5491, rs281428, rs281432, rs5496, rs5498 and rs281437 in 604 patients diagnosed with coronary atherosclerotic stenosis by angiography and in 468 controls. We found that AG genotype of rs5498 had higher frequency in the coronary atherosclerotic stenosis patients (41.56% to 34.19%, P = 0.017, OR = 1.368,95%CI 1.057-1.770) and that the haplotype Ars5491Crs281428Grs281432 had higher frequency in patients (13.8% to 12.1%, P = 0.048). When analyzing the clinical risk factors for coronary atherosclerosis, we found that the rs5498 locus was associated with the levels of apolipoprotein A (APOA) (P = 0.0002) and triglycerides (TG) (P = 0.002). Furthermore, the levels of triglycerides (TG) were also associated with rs281432 (P = 0.040). Additionally, the TT genotype of rs281437 was associated with a higher level of apolipoprotein A (APOA) (P = 0.039) and apolipoprotein B (APOB) (P = 0.003). Finally, among those with coronary atherosclerosis, we found no differences in the haplotype analysis of polymorphisms of the ICAM-1 gene from individuals with hypertension or those who smoked. According to our results, the ICAM-1 polymorphisms were associated with risk of coronary atherosclerotic stenosis in Chinese individuals.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(10):e109658. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Inflammatory mediators appear to be the most intriguing yet confusing subject, regarding the management of patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). The current inflammatory concept of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD) led many investigators to concentrate on systemic markers of inflammation, as well as imaging techniques, which may be helpful in risk stratification and prognosis assessment for cardiovascular events. In this review, we try to depict many of the recently studied markers regarding stable angina (SA), their clinical usefulness, and possible future applications in the field.
    Disease markers. 01/2014; 2014:831364.

Full-text

Download
0 Downloads
Available from