Parathyroid hormone-related protein: an essential physiological regulator of adult bone mass.
Endocrinology (impact factor: 4.46). 09/2004; 145(8):3551-3. DOI:10.1210/en.2004-0509 pp.3551-3
[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) is an important regulator of bone remodeling. Recent studies show that this protein can induce osteogenic features through its N- and C-terminal domains. Silica-based ordered mesoporous bioceramics with an SBA-15 structure - known to be bioactive and biocompatible - have recently been evaluated for their capacity to uptake and deliver L-tryptophan. This amino acid corresponds to the end position of the 107-111 domain (called osteostatin) of the native C-terminal PTHrP (107-139) fragment, whose true action in bone metabolism is still ill-defined. In the present study, we assessed some effects of the aforementioned biomaterials pressed into disks, loaded or not with osteostatin, in osteoblastic cell cultures. Our data demonstrate that both unmodified and organically modified SBA-15 loaded with this peptide increase cell growth and the expression of several osteoblastic products (alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, collagen, osteoprotegerin, receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand and vascular endothelial growth factor) in osteoblastic cells. These findings support the notion that osteostatin coating confers osteogenic features to silica-based ordered mesoporous materials, which make them suitable biomaterials for bone repair.Acta biomaterialia 09/2009; 6(3):797-803. · 3.98 Impact Factor
[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Gastrectomy may disturb the body's mineral homeostasis, with osteopenia and osteoporosis being among the late outcomes. Parathyroid hormone-like hormone (PTHLH) was detected in rat gastric enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells in 2005, and some researchers suggested that it was the hypothetical hormone gastrocalcin that is believed to lead to osteoporosis. Our objective was to learn whether PTHLH is expressed in human gastric ECL cells and to form a basic understanding about the relationship between PTHLH and gastrin. We collected normal human gastric mucosa specimens and serum samples from 28 patients. RT-PCR and immunohistochemical analysis demonstrated weak expression of PTHLH in ECL cells at the RNA and protein levels. A low level of PTHLH expression was also found in the serum. Serum gastrin did have a significant positive correlation with the relative ratio of PTHLH mRNA to β-actin levels in gastric mucosa (rs=0.569, p=0.002). This indicates that PTHLH has a low signal expression in human gastric ECL cells and that serum gastrin levels correlate with PTHLH RNA levels in gastric mucosa. Further work is needed to evaluate the functional role of PTHLH in ECL cells and to determine whether PTHLH is gastrocalcin.Digestive Diseases and Sciences 04/2011; 56(4):993-8. · 2.12 Impact Factor
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.