Cervical laminoplasty: Use of a novel titanium plate to maintain canal expansion – Surgical technique
Emory Spine Center, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA.Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques (Impact Factor: 2.2). 09/2004; 17(4):265-71. DOI: 10.1097/01.bsd.0000095401.27687.c0
Cervical laminoplasty is a technique used to achieve spinal cord decompression in cases of myelopathy or myeloradiculopathy. The most common reason for failure of this technique is restenosis due to hinge closure. Various techniques have been employed to hold the laminar "door" open while the body heals the lamina hinge in the new expanded position. Ideally, a method of achieving laminar fixation should be technically straightforward, provide secure laminar fixation, and be rapid to minimize the risk of iatrogenic injuries, blood loss, and operative time. The authors describe the use of a novel plate designed to accomplish these goals. The technical issues relevant to performing the laminoplasty and securing the laminae are discussed. The plate has been proven biomechanically to be equal or superior to the currently used techniques. The use of this plate will allow the patient to engage in an early active rehabilitation protocol-while minimizing the risk of restenosis of the canal. This may ultimately lead to better preservation of motion and decreased axial neck pain following laminoplasty.
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ABSTRACT: Cervical myelopathy is a clinical entity resulting from external compression of the cervical medulla. The clinical course can be divided into the acute form (secondary to trauma) versus subacute (progression within weeks to months) and chronic cervical myelopathy (months to years). The clinical picture of myelopathy is that of unsteady gait with long-tract signs, such as hyperreflexia, spasticity and extensor plantar responses. Between 1997 and 2000, 359 consecutive patients have been operated on in our department presenting with a variety of symptoms related to compression of the cervical medulla. Beside of standard MRI for all patients we applied SSEPs, gait analysis and dynamic MRI studies as additional helpful tools in evaluating selected patients pre- and postoperatively. We prefer the anterior approach as first-line approach because in the majority of patients the osteophytic spurs are more dominant anteriorly, and after anterior decompression and stabilization the posterior approach appears safer. We also favor the more extended approach of spondylectomy versus multilevel decompression in patients with bisegmental or multisegmental spinal canal stenosis. However it seems to be that radicular decompression is better achieved through multilevel decompression than through spondylectomy.Acta neurochirurgica. Supplement 02/2005; 93:177-82. DOI:10.1007/3-211-27577-0_31
- Seminars in Spine Surgery 09/2005; 17(3):174-185. DOI:10.1053/j.semss.2005.06.005
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ABSTRACT: Open door laminoplasty is a commonly performed procedure for the treatment of cervical spine pathology. One complication of this procedure is closure of the hinge and subsequent restenosis. A simple and effective method of using suture anchors to stabilize posterior elements has been previously described. The aim of this paper is to describe our experience using 2.0-mm suture anchors to maintain canal expansion. Results of 42-consecutive patients who were treated with a modified cervical open-door laminoplasty were reviewed. The modification involves the use of original Hirabayashi technique, but augmenting the canal expansion with 2.0-mm suture anchors at C3, C5, and C7 levels. Additionally, nonabsorbable sutures are placed at C4 and C6 levels as described by Hirabayashi. The technical issues and short-term radiographic outcomes were evaluated. None of the 42 patients who had the door secured with 2.0-mm suture anchors had closure of the hinge. Additionally, the suture anchors maintained their position without loosening or "pull-outs" on postoperative follow-up radiographs. There were 3 short-term complications: 1 was a small dural-tear which was repaired intraoperatively without further sequelae, and the other 2 were both epidural hematomas that required emergent return to the operating room for evacuation. All 3 patients had an uneventful recovery without a new neurologic deficit. This paper reviews a simple and effective method for maintaining canal expansion in open-door laminoplasty. Because of its technical simplicity, 2.0-mm suture anchors may be a safer alternative than other devices currently popular for this purpose.Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques 03/2007; 20(1):33-5. DOI:10.1097/01.bsd.0000211229.81930.80 · 2.20 Impact Factor
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