Article

Role of the Insulin-Like Growth Factor I Decline in the Induction of Atrogin-1/MAFbx during Fasting and Diabetes

Department of Pediatrics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States
Endocrinology (Impact Factor: 4.64). 11/2004; 145(11):4806-12. DOI: 10.1210/en.2004-0406
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In catabolic conditions, atrogin-1/MAFbx, a muscle-specific ubiquitin-ligase required for muscle atrophy, is increased, and concentrations of IGF-I, a growth factor known to have antiproteolytic action, are reduced. To define the relationship between the decline in IGF-I and the induction of atrogin-1/MAFbx, we studied the effect of IGF-I replacement on atrogin-1/MAFbx mRNA in rats fasted for 51 h and in rats made diabetic with streptozotocin (STZ). Fasting produced a 5.8-fold increase in atrogin-1/MAFbx (P < 0.001). This was attenuated to a 2.5-fold increase by injections of IGF-I (P < 0.05 vs. fasting). Animals with STZ-induced diabetes experienced a 15.1-fold increase in atrogin-1/MAFbx (P < 0.001). Normalization of their circulating IGF-I concentrations by IGF-I infusion blunted the induction of atrogin-1/MAFbx to 6.3-fold (P < 0.05 vs. STZ diabetes without IGF-I). To further delineate the regulation of atrogin-1/MAFbx by IGF-I, we studied a model of cultured muscle cells. We observed that IGF-I produced a time- and dose-dependent reduction of atrogin-1/MAFbx mRNA, with a 50% effective dose of 5 nm IGF-I, a physiological concentration. The degradation rate of atrogin-1/MAFbx mRNA was not affected by IGF-I, suggesting that the reduction of atrogin-1/MAFbx mRNA by IGF-I is a transcriptional effect. Exposure of muscle cells in culture to dexamethasone increased atrogin-1/MAFbx mRNA with a 50% effective dose of 10 nm, a pharmacological concentration. In the presence of dexamethasone, IGF-I at physiological concentrations retained its full inhibitory effect on atrogin-1/MAFbx mRNA. We conclude that IGF-I inhibits atrogin-1/MAFbx expression and speculate that this effect might contribute to the antiproteolytic action of IGF-I in muscle.

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