Correlates of 1-Year Prospective Outcome in Bipolar Disorder: Results From the Stanley Foundation Bipolar Network

University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas, United States
American Journal of Psychiatry (Impact Factor: 12.3). 09/2004; 161(8):1447-54. DOI: 10.1176/appi.ajp.161.8.1447
Source: PubMed


The purpose of the study was to examine potential correlates of outcome in patients treated for bipolar disorder.
During a 1-year period, 258 patients with DSM-IV bipolar disorder or schizoaffective disorder were rated with the prospective NIMH-Life Chart Method, which characterizes each day in terms of the severity of manic and depressive symptoms on the basis of patients' mood-related impairment in their usual educational, social, or occupational roles. Mean ratings for the severity of mania, depression, and overall bipolar illness and the number of manic, depressive, and overall illness episodes were calculated. Potential risk factors were assessed at the start of the study, and multivariate linear regression analysis was used to determine the correlates of the six 1-year outcome measures.
Three of the six outcome measures were largely independent of each other and were used in the analysis. The mean rating for severity of mania was associated with comorbid substance abuse, history of more than 10 prior manic episodes, and poor occupational functioning at study entry. The mean rating for severity of depression was associated with a history of more than 10 prior depressive episodes and poor occupational functioning at study entry. The total number of overall illness episodes was associated with a positive family history of drug abuse, a history of prior rapid cycling, and poor occupational functioning. In addition, the mean rating for severity of mania and the total number of overall illness episodes were both initially associated with a history of childhood abuse, but these relationships were lost with the addition of other illness variables to the analysis.
Clinicians who treat patients with bipolar disorder should consider a family history of drug abuse, a history of childhood abuse, prior course of illness, comorbid substance abuse, and occupational functioning in determining prognosis and setting goals for further treatment.

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Available from: Susan L Mcelroy, Sep 14, 2015
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    • "While the co-morbidity between bipolar and SUD is poorly understood , patients with these two disorders are highly prone to adverse consequences (Salloum and Thase, 2000; Tohen et al., 1998). Indeed, in bipolar patients, co-morbid SUD was associated with poor psychosocial adjustment in different studies, whether alcohol is concerned (O'Connell et al., 1991) or drugs (Nolen et al., 2004), or both types of substances (Weiss et al., 2005). The impact of such a co-morbidity on bipolar disorder is thus interesting, and could be compared to Psychiatry Research 185 (2011) 129–134 "
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    • "Further study of predictors of functional recovery is warranted in order to improve treatment strategies, especially because poor functioning may itself predict further symptoms and episodes (e.g., Gitlin et al., 1995; Tohen et al., 2003; Nolen et al., 2004). In particular, little research has addressed the question of psychosocial factors that may contribute to functional disability despite clinical recovery. "
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    • "There are also inconsistencies regarding age of onset for BD; here some report earlier onset for patients with SUD [26,29-31,50,51,56,57] while others do not find any differences compared to BD patients without SUD [18,19,38,47,55,58]. Studies also diverge as to whether affective symptoms are of increased severity in BD patients with SUD compared to BD patients without [18,21,26,39,42,47,49,50,59,60]. Furthermore, the number of hospitalizations or days in hospital is found to be elevated in BD patients with SUD in some studies [29,31,50,55,61-64] as opposed to in others [18,26-28,38,48,56,65]. "
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