Article

Absence of discontinuation symptoms with agomelatine and occurrence of discontinuation symptoms with paroxetine: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled discontinuation study.

Imperial College University of London, London, UK.
International Clinical Psychopharmacology (Impact Factor: 3.1). 10/2004; 19(5):271-80. DOI: 10.1097/01.yic.0000137184.64610.c8
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The effects of an abrupt interruption of agomelatine, a new melatonergic/serotonergic antidepressant, were explored in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Paroxetine was used as active control. After 12 weeks of double-blind treatment with agomelatine 25 mg/day or paroxetine 20 mg/day, sustained remitted depressed patients were randomized for 2 weeks, under double-blind conditions, to placebo or to their initial antidepressant treatment. Discontinuation symptoms were assessed at the end of the first and second week of discontinuation with the Discontinuation Emergent Signs and Symptoms (DESS) checklist. One hundred and ninety-two sustained remitted patients were randomized to the 2-week discontinuation period. Patients who discontinued agomelatine did not experience more discontinuation symptoms than those who continued on agomelatine. Patients who discontinued paroxetine for placebo experienced significantly more DESS discontinuation symptoms, during the first week, compared to those who continued with paroxetine (respective mean number of emergent symptoms: 7.3+/-7.1 and 3.5+/-4.1, P<0.001). No significant difference was shown between the continuing and interrupting groups in the second week of discontinuation. By contrast to paroxetine, abrupt cessation of agomelatine is not associated with discontinuation symptoms.

0 Followers
 · 
100 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Agomelatine (AGM) was approved for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) in adults by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) in February 2009. It is an analogue of melatonin and features a unique pharmacodynamic profile with agonism on both types of melatonergic receptors (MT1/MT2) and antagonism at serotonergic 5-HT2C receptors. There is, however, an ongoing debate regarding the efficacy and safety of this novel antidepressant agent, originally evoked by claims of a significant publication bias underlying the assessment of AGM being an effective antidepressant. Indeed, two recent comprehensive metaanalyses of published and unpublished clinical trials found evidence for a relevant publication bias. However, due to its statistically significant advantage over placebo based on the results of these metaanalyses AGM must be referred to as an effective antidepressant agent in the acute phase of MDD. However, the effect sizes of AGM in the treatment of MDD were evaluated as being small in comparison to other antidepressant agents. In addition, there is insufficient evidence for the efficacy of AGM in relapse prevention of MDD. Apart from efficacy issues, AGM appears to have the potential to exhibit severe hepatotoxicity (the EMA has identified AGM-associated “hepatotoxic reactions” as a new safety concern in September 2013) that is currently poorly understood. Considering these aspects, it seems inappropriate to evaluate AGM as an antidepressant agent of first choice. Nevertheless, its unique mechanism of action with particular sleep modulating effects may represent a specific treatment strategy for patients with particular characteristics; further studies with thorough characterization of patients are needed to test this hypothesis.
    Journal of Applied Statistics 09/2014; 12(5). DOI:10.2174/1570159X12999140619122914 · 0.45 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Melatonin: Therapeutic value and Neuroprotection, 1 edited by Venkataramanujam Srinivasan, Gabriella Gobbi, Samuel D Shillcutt, Sibel Suzen, 10/2014: chapter 23: pages 289-308; CRC press., ISBN: 9781482220094
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Agomelatine, a melatonergic antidepressant with a rapid onset of action, is one of the most recent drugs in the antidepressant category. Agomelatine’s antidepressant actions are attributed to its sleep-promoting and chronobiotic actions mediated by MT1 and MT2 receptors present in the suprachiasmatic nucleus, as well as to its effects on the blockade of 5-HT2c receptors. Blockade of 5-HT2c receptors causes release of both noradrenaline and dopamine at the fronto-cortical dopaminergic and noradrenergic pathways. The combined actions of agomelatine on MT1/MT2 and 5-HT2c receptors facilitate the resynchronization of altered circadian rhythms and abnormal sleep patterns. Agomelatine appeared to be effective in treating major depression. Moreover, evidence exists that points out a possible efficacy of such drug in the treatment of bipolar depression, anxiety disorders, alcohol dependence, migraines etc. Thus, the aim of this narrative review was to elucidate current evidences on the role of agomelatine in disorders other than major depression.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 01/2015; 16(1):1111-1130. DOI:10.3390/ijms16011111 · 2.34 Impact Factor