Intraventricular hemorrhage and periventricular leukomalacia in preterm infants
ABSTRACT To evaluate whether intraventricular hemorrhage and periventricular leukomalacia are characterized by different risk factors.
In a cohort of 653 consecutive singleton neonates born after preterm membrane rupture, spontaneous preterm labor, or indicated preterm delivery at 24 to 33 weeks of gestation from January 1, 1993, to December 31, 2002, we evaluated the obstetric and histopathologic placental variables in reference to the development of intraventricular hemorrhage (n = 44), periventricular leukomalacia (n = 19), or no ultrasonographic cerebral lesion (n = 589). Excluded were stillbirths and congenital anomalies. Statistical analysis included Fisher exact test, Student t test, and stepwise logistic regression analysis with a 2-tailed P <.05 considered significant.
Multivariate analysis showed that occurrence of neonatal intraventricular hemorrhage and periventricular leukomalacia were associated only with spontaneous prematurity (odds ratio = 1.9; 95% confidence interval 1.1-3.4) and gestational age at delivery in weeks (odds ratio = 0.8; 95% confidence interval 0.7-0.9). Neonates with intraventricular hemorrhage did not differ from those with periventricular leukomalacia in any obstetric or neonatal variable, but there was a higher risk of neurodevelopmental delay associated with periventricular leukomalacia.
Among premature infants born at less than 34.0 weeks of gestation, intraventricular hemorrhage and periventricular leukomalacia share common clinical characteristics, with spontaneous preterm delivery and gestational age at delivery as the only independent antenatal predictors.
SourceAvailable from: PubMed Central[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Objective : The purpose of this study is to identify the risk factors associated with the development of germinal matrix-intraventricular hemorrhage (GM-IVH) and the relationship of the severity of disease and prematurity. Methods : A total of 168 premature neonates whose birth weight 500 g or gestational age 34 weeks were examined by cranial ultrasound (CUS) for detection of GM-IVH among the babies admitted between January 2011 and December 2012 in our medical center neonatal intensive care unit. The babies were divided into two groups : GM-IVH and non-IVH. Clinical presentations, precipitating factors of the patients and maternal factors were analyzed. Results : In univariate analysis, gestational age, birth weight, delivery method, presence of premature rupture of membrane (PROM) and level of sodium and glucose were statistically meaningful factors (p<0.05). But only two factors, gestational age and presence of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) were statistically meaningful in multivariate logistic regression (p<0.05). Delivery method [normal vaginal delivery (NVD) to Caeserean section] was borderline significant (p<0.10). Conclusion : Presence of PDA and gestational age were the important risk factors associated with development of GM-IVH.Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 10/2014; 56(4):334-7. DOI:10.3340/jkns.2014.56.4.334 · 0.52 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This prospective observational study aimed to investigate the association between changes in the Doppler perfusion waveform of the internal cerebral vein and risk of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants. We evaluated the perfusion waveform of the internal cerebral vein every 8 h from immediately after birth to 144 h post-birth in 80 ELBW infants (<1,000 g) in our hospital. Fluctuations in the measured perfusion waveform were categorized into four patterns according to their increasing magnitude, from grade 0 (steady flow waveform) to grade 3; the IVH rate was investigated. Infants with grades 0-1 fluctuations of the perfusion waveform were classified as low grade (n = 55), and those with grades 2-3 fluctuations were classified as high grade (n = 25). The IVH rate was significantly higher in the high-grade group than the low-grade group (28 vs. 1 %, p < 0.001). The IVH group (n = 8) showed a significantly greater rate of high-grade perfusion waveform than the non-IVH group (n = 72) (87 vs. 25 %, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Changes in the perfusion waveform of the internal cerebral vein during the acute management of ELBW infants may be associated with IVH.European Journal of Pediatrics 08/2014; 174(3). DOI:10.1007/s00431-014-2396-1 · 1.98 Impact Factor