Genetic and phylogenetic analysis of glycoprotein of rabies virus isolated from several species in Brazil.
ABSTRACT Genetic and phylogenetic analyses of the region containing the glycoprotein (G) gene, which is related to pathogenicity and antigenicity, and the G-L intergenic region were carried out in 14 Brazilian rabies virus isolates. The isolates were classified as dog-related rabies virus (DRRV) or vampire bat-related rabies virus (VRRV), by nucleoprotein (N) analysis. The nucleotide and amino acid (AA) homologies of the area containing the G protein gene and G-L intergenic region were generally lower than those of the ectodomain. In both regions, nucleotide and deduced AA homologies were lower among VRRVs than among DRRVs. There were AA differences between DRRV and VRRV at 3 antigenic sites and epitopes (IIa, WB+ and III), suggesting that DRRV and VRRV can be distinguished by differences of antigenicity. In a comparison of phylogenetic trees between the ectodomain and the area containing the G protein gene and G-L intergenic region, the branching patterns of the chiropteran and carnivoran rabies virus groups differed, whereas there were clear similarities in patterns within the DRRV and VRRV groups. Additionally, the VRRV isolates were more closely related to chiropteran strains isolated from Latin America than to Brazilian DRRV. These results indicate that Brazilian rabies virus isolates can be classified as DRRV or VRRV by analysis of the G gene and the G-L intergenic region, as well as by N gene analysis.
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ABSTRACT: Phylogenetic analysis of nucleotide sequences or deduced amino acid sequences of phosphoprotein (P protein), matrix (M) protein, and glycoprotein (G protein) genes of 18 Chinese isolates of Rabies virus (RABV) from 2003-2007 showed that these isolates formed a separate monophyletic lineage consisting of sub-lineages A and B. Compared with laboratory-fixed strains, recent Chinese isolates of sub-lineage B contained Val or Ala instead of Met69 in P protein, which is involved in generating truncated P proteins. In addition, one of these isolates CHpg3 had Pro instead of Ser63 and Leu instead of Ser64. Importantly, all functional domains of P and M proteins of all recent Chinese isolates were similar to those of laboratory-fixed strains. This study showed that although the recent Chinese RABV isolates belonged to a distinct lineage, their functional domains of P and M proteins were highly conserved.Acta virologica 01/2010; 54(2):91-98. DOI:10.4149/av_2010_02_91 · 1.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A group of 25 rabies viruses (RABVs), recovered from 24 dogs and one human case, were collected from various areas in China between 2004 and 2006. Genetic and phylogenetic analyses of the G-L intergenic region were carried out in 25 street RABV isolates and CTN vaccine strains of 7 generations. The study was based on the comparison of a 519 bp nucleotide sequence, encompassing the G-L intergenic region. The nucleotide sequence homologies of Chinese street strains were from 95.5% to 100%. The phylogenetic analysis showed that all Chinese isolates clearly supported the placement of all Chinese viruses in Lyssavirus genotype 1 and they were distributed according to their geographical origins. All of the Chinese strains were closely related but they could still be divided into two groups: group of street strains and group of CTN strains. This study presents details about the molecular epidemiology of rabies viruses based on the sequences of the G-L Intergenic region.Virologica Sinica 01/2007; 22(1):26-33. DOI:10.1007/s12250-007-0058-4
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