"Facts and myths in Sjö gren's syndrome DJ Aframian et al auto-Abs were reported in pSjS (8 of 9 patients), but not in SLE (0 of 6) or healthy controls (0 of 12) (Winer et al, 2002), but this report could not be confirmed (Gordon et al, 2004). In a non-obese diabetic (NOD) mouse model of SjS, in which spontaneous lymphocytic infiltration of the lacrimal and salivary glands occurs, disruption of the ICA69 gene reduced sialadenitis or dacryoadenitis, while ICA69-specific T cells were identified in the lymph nodes of diseased NOD mice (Winer et al, 2002). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Oral Diseases (2012) doi: 10.1111/j.1601-0825.2012.01930.x Sjögren's syndrome (SjS) is one of the most common autoimmune rheumatic diseases, clinically characterized by xerostomia and keratoconjunctivitis sicca. We investigated the following controversial topics: (i) Do we have reliable ways of assessing saliva production? (ii) How important are the quantity and quality of saliva? (iii) Are only anti-SSA/Ro and anti-SSB/La relevant for the diagnosis of SjS? (iv) Are the American-European Consensus criteria (AECC) the best way to diagnose SjS? Results from literature searches suggested the following: (i) Despite the fact that numerous tests are available to assess salivation rates, direct comparisons among them are scarce with little evidence to suggest one best test. (ii) Recent developments highlight the importance of investigating the composition of saliva. However, more research is needed to standardize the methods of analysis and collection and refine the quality of the accumulating data. (iii) In addition to anti-Ro/La autoantibodies, anti α-fodrin IgA and anti-MR3 autoantibodies seem to be promising diagnostic markers of SjS, but more studies are warranted to test their sensitivity and specificity. (iv) AECC are classification, not diagnostic criteria. Moreover, recent innovations have not been incorporated into these criteria. Consequently, treatment directed to patients diagnosed using the AECC might exclude a significant proportion of patients with SjS.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Fas mediated apoptosis may be important in the pathogenesis of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS).
To examine genetic variation in the promoter region of the Fas gene in pSS.
Two single nucleotide polymorphisms at positions -1377(G/A) and -670(G/A) in the Fas gene promoter were genotyped by PCR-SSP in 101 patients with pSS and 108 Caucasoid controls.
No significant differences in allele or genotype frequencies were detected between the patients with pSS and controls. However, significant associations were observed with Ro/La autoantibody negative patients, who display milder and later onset disease. The -670A allele was more frequent in Ro/La autoantibody negative patients than in Ro/La autoantibody positive patients (p = 0.04).
This study does not confirm an earlier report of an association between pSS and the Fas promoter -670G allele. However, the results suggest that genetically determined variability in Fas expression may modulate Ro/La autoantibody responses in patients with pSS.
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 02/2004; 63(1):98-101. DOI:10.1136/ard.2003.006056 · 10.38 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Opsonization of apoptotic cells by autoantibodies bound to surface membrane-translocated La/SSB antigens may initiate tissue damage in the setting of congenital heart block. By injecting pregnant mice with human anti-La antibodies, we previously demonstrated the formation of IgG-apoptotic cell complexes in the developing mouse fetus; however, the binding of anti-La antibodies to human-specific epitopes could not be addressed. Accordingly, the objective of the current study was to delineate the epitope specificity of human La antibodies that are exposed on the surface of apoptotic cells.
We used fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry to assess the binding of human anti-La antibodies affinity purified against immunodominant epitopes of La to human cells undergoing spontaneous apoptosis, in a murine xenograft model in vivo and in cultured human fetal cardiocytes rendered apoptotic in vitro, respectively.
Anti-La antibodies bound to immunodominant epitopes of La within the NH(2)-terminus and the RNA recognition motif (RRM) region of apoptotic human cells, in both xenografts and fetal cardiocytes. In contrast, human antibodies affinity purified against the COOH-terminal La epitope did not bind apoptotic cells in either model. This defines the topology of redistributed La during apoptosis, with surface exposure of the NH(2)-terminus and RRM regions. The potential importance of anti-La NH(2)-terminal and anti-La RRM specificity was confirmed by detection of this reactivity in mothers of children with congenital heart block.
These findings provide insight into both the molecular modification of the La autoantigen during apoptosis and the specificity of antibodies capable of binding to surface-exposed La. Subsequent formation of surface immune complexes may lead to tissue injury in patients with autoimmune diseases such as congenital heart block.
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