Detection of YMDD Motif Mutants by Oligonucleotide Chips in Lamivudine-Untreated Patients with Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection

Department of Internal Medicine, Pusan National University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
Journal of Korean Medical Science (Impact Factor: 1.27). 09/2004; 19(4):541-6. DOI: 10.3346/jkms.2004.19.4.541
Source: PubMed


Lamivudine, a nucleoside analogue, has been used widely as an effective antiviral agent for the treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. However, the YMDD motif mutation of HBV polymerase resistant to lamivudine occurs very frequently after long term therapy. We developed an oligonucleotide chip for the detection of YMDD motif mutants resistant to lamivudine and investigated the prevalence of the mutants in patients with chronic HBV infection who had not been treated by lamivudine before. Forty patients who had not been treated with lamivudine were included in this study. Serum samples were tested by the oligonucleotide chips designed for detection of wild-type YMDD motif, M552V and M552I. Samples were confirmed by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and direct sequencing. M552I mutants were detected by the oligonucleotide chips in 7.5% (3/40) of chronic HBV infected patients (2 chronic hepatitis and 1 cirrhosis). The results were in accordance with those of RFLP. YMDD motif mutants occur as natural genome variabilities in patients with chronic HBV infection who had not been treated with lamivudine before. Oligonucleotide chip technology is a reliable and useful diagnostic tool for the detection of mutants resistant to antiviral therapy in chronic HBV infection.


Available from: Jeong Heo
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Treatment of hepatitis B virus (HBV) with lamivudine is effective in suppressing virus replication and results in reduced inflammatory activity. However the most troublesome problem of lamivudine treatment is the emergence of lamivudine-resistant strains with amino acid substitution in the YMDD motif of DNA polymerase gene during the treatment. The aim of this study was to determine the mutation of YMDD motif (codon 552) and codon 528 in chronic HBV patients with lamivudine therapy using PCR-direct sequencing and to investigate the relationship between lamivudine mediated HBV mutation and HBeAg. HBV DNA was extracted from serum samples of HBV patients and amplified by nested PCR with two sets of primer pairs selected in HBV DNA polymerase gene. Amplified PCR product was analyzed by 2% agarose gel electrophoresis and direct sequencing. HBV mutation was detected in 124 out of 207 samples (60%). Single mutation was 50.8% for M552I, 43.5% for M552V, 5.7% for M552I/V and the L528M mutation was 67.0%. Double mutation was 43.6% for M552V/L528M, 33.1% for M552I/L528(wild type), 17.7% for M552I/L528M and 5.6% for M552I/V/L528M. Serine mutation at YMDD motif (M552S) was not found and the L528M mutation frequently accompanied M552V type. In this study, the typical difference of frequencies for HBV mutation depending on HBeAg was not found. Moreover, the PCR-direct sequencing method used in this study might be a powerful tool for the mutation study in clinical reference laboratories with high volume.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: By using the “flow-through hybridization” principle, we developed a new, rapid and accurate reverse dot blot (RDB) method to detect lamivudine resistance-associated YMDD motif variants in hepatitis B virus (HBV) genome. The improved RDB method was very fast at simultaneously detecting HBV YMDD wild-type and mutant motifs. In a blind analysis, 100 samples previously genotyped by DNA clonal sequencing analysis were used to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of this assay. Conventional restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) data were also used to test our method. In blind experiments, our improved RDB method had an accuracy and specificity of 100%, which was much higher than RFLP, which had an accuracy and specificity of only 83.0%. In clinical detection practice, 49 patients highly suspected of lamivudine resistance were successfully diagnosed by this method. Our improved RDB assay is a simple, rapid, cheap, semiautomatic, accurate, sensitive, and contamination-proof method of detecting lamivudine resistance-associated mutants in the human hepatitis B virus genome.
    Journal of Clinical Microbiology 12/2005; 43(11):5685-9. DOI:10.1128/JCM.43.11.5685-5689.2005 · 3.99 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The early emergence of lamivudine (3TC)-resistant tyrosine-methionine-aspartate-aspartate (YMDD) mutants has been reported during 3TC therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-endemic areas; however, its clinical impact during long-term 3TC therapy is unknown. This study was performed to investigate the impact of the early emergence of YMDD mutants 3 months after the initiation of treatment on the outcomes of long-term 3TC therapy in HBV e antigen (HBeAg)-positive CHB. We analysed YMDD genotypes in consecutive samples from 30 patients with HBeAg positive CHB throughout 3TC treatment using both restriction fragment length polymorphism and mass spectrometric assays. Long-term outcome was compared between patients who had YMDD mutations detected at 3 months and those who had no mutations. YMDD mutation was detected in 16 (53.3%) out of 30 patients at 3 months and only the rtM2041 mutation was found. Cumulative HBeAg loss rates at 3 years was 12.5% and 57.4% in patients who had the rtM2041 mutant and wild-type virus at 3 months, respectively (P=0.010). Cumulative viral breakthrough rates at 3 years was 75.0% and 14.3% in patients who had the rtM204I mutant and wild-type virus at 3 months, respectively (P=0.002). Logistic regression revealed that YMDD mutation at 3 months was significantly related to viral breakthrough within 24 months (P=0.003). In conclusion, early detection for HBV YMDD mutation at 3 months may be useful to predict the long-term outcomes of 3TC therapy in patients with HBeAg-positive CHB in HBV-endemic areas.
    Antiviral therapy 02/2006; 11(4):447-55. · 3.02 Impact Factor
Show more