Characterisation and application of antibodies specific for the long platelet-derived growth factor A and B chains
ABSTRACT The platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) family comprises important mitogens for mesenchymal cells. The active dimeric form of PDGF consists of four structurally related A, B, C, and D chains. All PDGF-variants bind to PDGF-receptors. The A and B chains occur with and without basic C-terminal amino acid extensions as long (A(L) and B(L)) and short (A(S) and B(S)) isoforms. PDGF-A and -B form homo- or heterodimers. The biological relevance of short and long isoforms is unknown, although it may relate to different affinities for glycosaminoglycans of the cell glycocalix and intercellular matrix. Commercially available anti-PDGF-A and anti-PDGF-B antibodies cannot discriminate between the short and the long isoforms. Thus, to investigate the function of the long and short isoforms, we raised antibodies specific for the long A and B chain isoforms. The antibodies were affinity-purified and their properties analysed by surface plasmon resonance. Inhibition studies with different PDGF homodimers and dot-blot studies proved their high specificity for the respective isoforms. Both antibodies recognised the target PDGF homodimers complexed to the glycocalix of human arterial smooth muscle cells and human monocyte-derived macrophages. By using these specific antibodies, we were able to confirm at the protein level the synthesis of PDGF-A and -B during differentiation of human monocyte-derived macrophages and to demonstrate the presence of the PDGF-A(L) and PDGF-B(L) isoforms in human arterial tissue.
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ABSTRACT: The year 2004 represents a milestone for the biosensor research community: in this year, over 1000 articles were published describing experiments performed using commercially available systems. The 1038 papers we found represent an approximately 10% increase over the past year and demonstrate that the implementation of biosensors continues to expand at a healthy pace. We evaluated the data presented in each paper and compiled a 'top 10' list. These 10 articles, which we recommend every biosensor user reads, describe well-performed kinetic, equilibrium and qualitative/screening studies, provide comparisons between binding parameters obtained from different biosensor users, as well as from biosensor- and solution-based interaction analyses, and summarize the cutting-edge applications of the technology. We also re-iterate some of the experimental pitfalls that lead to sub-optimal data and over-interpreted results. We are hopeful that the biosensor community, by applying the hints we outline, will obtain data on a par with that presented in the 10 spotlighted articles. This will ensure that the scientific community at large can be confident in the data we report from optical biosensors.Journal of Molecular Recognition 11/2005; 18(6):431-78. DOI:10.1002/jmr.753 · 2.34 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study aimed to determine whether a shark muscle oil-olive oil mixture influences activators of human angiogenesis. The mixture completely abolished the stimulation induced by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), fibroblast growth factor-2, transforming growth factor-beta, and platelet-derived growth factor. This suggests that it may compete with these growth factors for their binding sites on the endothelial cell surface either by binding to the growth factor or by blocking the actual receptor. The possibility of the oil binding to the VEGF receptor was studied through the use of soluble forms of the receptors (VEGF-R1 and VEGF-R2). It was found that the shark oil-olive oil inhibited the formation of the complexes of VEGF with both of the receptors. This could have been because the oil bound to either the VEGF or the receptor or both. To determine which is possible, the shark oil-olive oil was mixed with the receptors. The molecular size of the receptors increased, and these larger forms of the receptor had reduced capacity for complexing with VEGF. Therefore, one mode of potential anti-angiogenic action of the shark muscle oil-olive oil is the inhibition of the activity of a number of stimulatory molecules, including VEGF. This study demonstrates that the blend of shark and olive oils antagonizes VEGF activity by binding to at least two receptors for the factor, thereby inhibiting the activation by the growth factor.Journal of Medicinal Food 02/2006; 9(3):300-6. DOI:10.1089/jmf.2006.9.300 · 1.70 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Angiogenesis, the process of new blood vessel formation, is implicated in various physiological/pathological conditions, including embryonic development, inflammation and tumor growth. Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF2) is a heparin-binding angiogenic growth factor involved in various physiopathological processes, including tumor neovascularization. Accordingly, FGF2 is considered a target for antiangiogenic therapies. Thus, numerous natural/synthetic compounds have been tested for their capacity to bind and sequester FGF2 in the extracellular environment preventing its interaction with cellular receptors. We have exploited surface plasmon resonance (SPR) technique in search for antiangiogenic FGF2 binders/antagonists. In this review we will summarize our experience in SPR-based angiogenesis research, with the aim to validate SPR as a first line screening for the identification of antiangiogenic compounds.Sensors 08/2009; 9(8). DOI:10.3390/s90806471 · 2.05 Impact Factor