Worksite-based research and initiatives to increase fruit and vegetable consumption.

Center for Community-Based Research, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA.
Preventive Medicine (Impact Factor: 2.93). 10/2004; 39 Suppl 2:S94-100. DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2003.12.020
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Worksite initiatives to promote increased consumption of fruits and vegetables include a wide range of programs. Some initiatives focus on the physical and informational environments, with the dual aim of increasing the availability of healthful food options and providing education and support through point-of-choice labeling and signage.
Authors reviewed recent literature on comprehensive worksite health promotion programs that have addressed some type of environmental/organizational intervention to increase fruit/vegetable consumption.
This review revealed that environmental/organizational initiatives rely on management commitment, supervisory support, and supportive organizational structures to sustain policy efforts over time. Program effectiveness is enhanced when they are based on social ecological approaches; include worker participation in program planning and implementation (e.g. employee advisory boards and peer-delivered interventions); address multiple (vs. single) risk factors for change; and integrate workers' broader social context (e.g. families, neighborhoods, etc.).
Priorities for future worksite-based interventions include identifying and reducing barriers to organizational and environmental change, addressing social disparities in fruit and vegetable consumption, addressing social contextual factors driving behaviors, and building expanded networks of community partnerships. Future research is needed to identify key policy and program components that will yield meaningful increases in fruit and vegetable consumption; barriers/facilitators of organizational and environmental change within worksites; effective community-based participatory methods; and methods to disseminate cost-effective interventions for all worksites.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to evaluate an intervention that combined mindful eating and online pre-ordering to promote healthier lunch purchases at work. The study took place at an urban hospital with 26 employees who were overweight or obese. The design included a contemporaneous comparison with delayed-treatment control and a three-phase prospective study. A minimum 4-week baseline period preceded a 4-week full-intervention, in which participants received mindful eating training, pre-ordered their lunches, and received price discounts toward lunch purchases. In a 4-week reduced intervention phase, participants pre-ordered lunches without price discounts. Participant lunch purchases were tracked electronically at the point of purchase. The primary outcome measures were the amounts of kilocalories and fat grams in purchased lunches. In contemporaneous comparisons, the treatment group purchased lunches with an average of 144.6 fewer kilocalories (p=0.01) and 8.9 fewer grams of fat (p=0.005) compared to controls. In multivariable longitudinal analyses, participants decreased the average number of calories in their meals by 114.6 kcal per lunch and the average grams of fat by 5.4 per lunch during the partial-intervention compared to the baseline (p<0.001). At the end of the study, a moderate increase was observed in participants' overall mindful eating behaviors as compared to the beginning of the study (p<0.001). The majority of participants (92%) said they would use the pre-ordering system if offered in the future. Combined mindful eating training and online pre-ordering appears a feasible and useful worksite intervention to improve food choices by employees.
    Appetite 10/2014; · 2.52 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Over half of the adults in Hawai'i are overweight or obese, exposing them to increased risk for chronic diseases and resulting in higher health care expenses. Poor dietary habits and physical inactivity are important contributors to obesity and overweight. Because adults spend most of their waking hours at work, the workplace is an important setting for interventions to solve this growing problem. Changing the nutrition environment to support healthy eating is a recommended practice for worksite wellness interventions. Following this recommendation, the Hawai'i State Department of Health (DOH) launched the Choose Healthy Now! Healthy Vending Pilot Project to increase access to healthy options in worksites. Choose Healthy Now! utilized an education campaign and a traffic light nutrition coding system (green = go, yellow = slow, red = uh-oh), based on federal nutrition guidelines, to help employees identify the healthier options in their worksite snack shops. Inventory of healthy items was increased and product placement techniques were used to help make the healthy choice the easy choice. DOH partnered with the Department of Human Services' Ho'opono Vending Program to pilot the project in six government buildings on O'ahu between May and September of 2014. Vendors added new green (healthy) and yellow (intermediate) options to their snack shop and cafeteria inventories, and labeled their snacks and beverages with green and yellow point-of-decision stickers. The following article outlines background and preliminary findings from the Choose Healthy Now! pilot.
    Hawai'i journal of medicine & public health : a journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health. 11/2014; 73(11):365-70.
  • Source