Complete recovery after near-fatal venous air embolism during cesarean section.
ABSTRACT During replacement to the abdomen of the exteriorized uterus at cesarean section under epidural block, a previously healthy woman developed cardiorespiratory arrest. Tracheal intubation revealed low end-tidal carbon dioxide concentration suggesting embolization. Resuscitative efforts were successful. Uterine exteriorization - as well as the Trendelenburg position - significantly increase the risk of air embolization so that routine use of appropriate monitors is indicated to facilitate early diagnosis.
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ABSTRACT: Venous air embolism (VAE) is the entrapment of air or medical gases into the venous system causing symptoms and signs of pulmonary vessel obstruction. The incidence of VAE during cesarean delivery ranges from 10 to 97% depending on surgical position or diagnostic tools, with a potential for life-threatening events. We reviewed extensive literatures regarding VAE in detail and herein described VAE during surgery including cesarean delivery from background and history to treatment and prevention. It is intended that present work will improve the understanding of VAE during surgery.Journal of Korean Medical Science 11/2008; 23(5):753-61. · 1.25 Impact Factor
- American journal of obstetrics and gynecology 12/2009; 202(4):e10-1; author reply e11. · 3.28 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Cesarean section delivery is a commonly performed surgical procedure, and rates of cesarean delivery are increasing. Previous randomized trials that compared extraabdominal and intraabdominal uterine repair at cesarean section delivery have yielded conflicting results. We conducted a metaanalysis of published randomized controlled trials that addressed the method of uterine repair at cesarean delivery. The primary outcome was incidence of perioperative complications. The secondary outcomes were operative time, estimated blood loss, and hospital stay. Pooled odds ratios were calculated for categoric variables with random effects models. Continuous variables were compared by means of weighted mean differences. No significant differences in either postoperative or intraoperative complications were demonstrated between the extraabdominal (n = 1605) and intraabdominal repair (n = 1578) groups. Operative time, estimated blood loss, and hospital stay were all unaffected by repair technique. This study cannot exclude differences in rare complications, such as serious venous air embolism or maternal death. No differences in complication rates were found between extraabdominal and intraabdominal repair at cesarean section delivery; both techniques are valid surgical options.American journal of obstetrics and gynecology 05/2009; 200(6):625.e1-8. · 3.28 Impact Factor