Article

Comparison of Dynamic Contour Tonometry with Goldmann Applanation Tonometry

University of Zurich, Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland
Investigative Ophthalmology &amp Visual Science (Impact Factor: 3.66). 10/2004; 45(9):3118-21. DOI: 10.1167/iovs.04-0018
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The dynamic contour tonometer (DCT; Pascal tonometer) is a novel tonometer designed to measure intraocular pressure (IOP) independent of corneal properties. The purpose of this study was a comparison of the DCT with the Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT) with respect to mean of IOP readings, the influence of ocular structural factors on IOP readings, and both intra- and interobserver variability, in a large group of healthy subjects.
In a prospective study of 228 eyes, IOP measurements by GAT and DCT were compared, and the effects of central corneal thickness (CCT), corneal curvature, axial length, and anterior chamber depth were analyzed. To evaluate intra- and interobserver variability, IOP was measured in eight eyes by four observers.
There was a high concordance between the IOP readings obtained by DCT and GAT. However, IOP readings were consistently higher with DCT than with GAT (median difference: +1.7 mm Hg, interquartile range [25th-75th percentile] = 0.8-2.7 mm Hg). In contrast to GAT, multivariable regression analysis showed no significant effect of corneal thickness, corneal curvature, astigmatism, anterior chamber depth, and axial length on DCT readings. For repeated measurements the intraobserver variability was 0.65 mm Hg for the DCT and 1.1 mm Hg for the GAT (P = 0.008). Interobserver variability was 0.44 mm Hg for the DCT and 1.28 mm Hg for the GAT (P = 0.017).
IOP measurements by DCT are highly concordant with IOP readings obtained from GAT but do not vary in CCT and have a lower intra- and interobserver variability. DCT seems to be an appropriate method of tonometry for routine clinical use.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Michael A Thiel, Nov 26, 2014
0 Followers
 · 
81 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present a prototype of the hand-held dynamic contour tonometer (HH-DCT) and prospectively compare this HH-DCT with the well-established Perkins applanation tonometer (PAT) and the TonoPenXL (TPXL). In a prospective, single-centre, randomized study, intraocular pressure (IOP) readings were taken in random order using HH-DCT, PAT and TPXL tonometers. Intra-observer variability was calculated for each observer and compared between three experienced ophthalmologists and an inexperienced medical student. Ninety-two corneas of 92 healthy participants were enrolled. IOP [mean mmHg ± standard deviation (SD)] as measured by HH-DCT was 16.97 ± 2.71, by PAT 13.98 ± 2.52 and by TPXL 13.34 ± 2.68. The range of three consecutive IOP readings differed significantly between the devices [p < 0.001; mean range: 1.45 ± 1.07 (HH-DCT), 1.87 ± 0.97 (PAT) and 2.08 ± 1.77 (TPXL)]. There was no difference of the range in all devices between the ophthalmologists and the medical student (HH-DCT p = 0.68, PAT p = 0.54, TPXL p = 0.48). IOP readings measured by HH-DCT are significantly higher than by PAT and TPXL. The differences of IOP measurements are in good accordance with previous studies using the slit-lamp-mounted DCT (SL-DCT) and Goldmann Applanation Tonometry, where SL-DCT readings were 1-3.2 mmHg higher. HH-DCT seems to give more constant results, which can be seen in the lower intra-observer variability compared to PAT and TPXL.
    Acta ophthalmologica 03/2011; 89(2):132-7. DOI:10.1111/j.1755-3768.2009.01625.x · 2.51 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate changes in ocular pulse amplitude (OPA) during a short-term increase in intraocular pressure (IOP) and to assess possible influences of biometrical properties of the eye, including central corneal thickness (CCT) and axial length. In a prospective, single centre study, OPA and IOP as measured by dynamic contour tonometry (DCT) were taken before baseline- and post-OPA (delta) intravitreal injection of 0.05 ml anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents. Analysis was performed employing linear regression with baseline- and post (delta)-OPA differences as the dependent and post-IOP as well as delta IOP as the independent variable. A multilinear regression analysis with delta OPA as the dependent variable and baseline IOP, post-IOP, CCT and axial length as independent variables was conducted. Forty eyes of 40 patients were included. IOP and OPA increased significantly after injection (IOP mean increase ± SD: 17.83 ± 9.83 mmHg, p < 0.001; OPA mean increase ± SD: 1.39 ± 1.16 mmHg, p < 0.001). For every mmHg increase in IOP, the OPA showed a linear increase of 0.05 mmHg (slope 0.05, 95% CI: 0.02-0.09, p = 0.003, r(2) = 0.20). Multiple regression analysis with delta OPA as the dependent variable revealed a partial correlation coefficient of 0.47 (p = 0.003) for post-IOP as the only significant contribution. A clear positive relationship between OPA measurements and IOP levels was shown in a clinical routine setting using DCT focusing on baseline and postinterventional comparisons of OPA values after intravitreal injections in patients with exudative age related macular degeneration. When considering the OPA for diagnostic purposes, we recommend indication of corresponding IOP values.
    Acta ophthalmologica 03/2011; 89(5):e466-71. DOI:10.1111/j.1755-3768.2011.02141.x · 2.51 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background. To evaluate differences between Goldmann Applanation Tonometry (GAT) and Dynamic Controur Tonometry (DCT) following trabeculectomy. Methods. Thirty eight glaucomatous eyes with a history of trabeculectomy (Trabeculectomy group, TG), 20 eyes without a history of trabeculectomy but with a history of latanoprost use (Latanoprost group, LG), and 19 nonglaucomatous eyes (Control group, CG) were included. GAT-IOP, DCT-IOP, the difference between them (dIOP), the central corneal thickness (CCT), the axial length (AL), and the depth of the anterior chamber (ACD) were measured. Results. dIOP was significantly higher in TG (5.19 mmHg) than in LG (4.01 mmHg) and CG (1.98 mmHg). Correlations between AL and dIOP were statistically significant in both TG and LG but not in CG whereas correlations between dIOP and other clinical parameters examined were statistically not significant in all groups. Conclusions. The significantly higher dIOP in TG implies that the bio-mechanical properties of the ocular walls are altered following trabeculectomy.
    Journal of Ophthalmology 07/2010; 2010. DOI:10.1155/2010/357387 · 1.94 Impact Factor