Mixing of perfluorinated carboxylic acids with dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Iowa, 100 Oakdale Campus #124 IREH, Iowa City 52242-5000 USA.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (Impact Factor: 4.66). 09/2004; 1664(2):141-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbamem.2004.05.002
Source: PubMed


Perfluorinated acids are emerging as an important class of persistent environmental pollutant, thus raising human health concerns. To understand the behavior of these compounds in biological systems, the mixing behavior of two perfluorinated acids, perfluorododecanoic and perfluorotetradecanoic acid, with dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) was studied in monolayers at the air-water interface and in fully hydrated DPPC bilayers. The mixing behavior of both acids was indicative of an attractive interaction and partial miscibility with DPPC at the air-water interface. In the bilayer studies, the fluorinated acids cause peak broadening and elimination of the pretransition of DPPC. The onset temperature of the main phase transition remains constant in the presence of the fluorinated acids suggesting immiscibilities in the gel phase. Below X(DPPC) = 0.97 significant peak broadening of the main phase transition can be observed. These results suggest strong interaction between the respective acid and DPPC, and that both acids are able to partition into the lipid bilayer. However, their mixing behavior is far from ideal, thus suggesting the presence of domains or lipid aggregates with high acid concentrations which may (adversely) impact the function of biological mono- and bilayers.

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Available from: Hans-Joachim Lehmler, Oct 04, 2015
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    • "All rights reserved. doi:10.1016/j.chemphyslip.2009.06.142 branes has been studied as a model system in advanced clinical trials (Shibata et al., 1996; Lehmler and Bummer, 2004; Nakahara et al., 2005a; Rontu and Vaida, 2007; Yokoyama et al., 2009). The fundamental and systematic study is very important and desired in the industrial and biomedical fields, where fluorochemicals are treated and applied. "
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    ABSTRACT: The miscibility and phase behavior of two components of phospholipids and perfluorocarboxylic acids [FCn; perfluorododecanoic acid (FC12), perfluorotetradecanoic acid (FC14), perfluorohexadecanoic acid (FC16), and perfluorooctadecanoic acid (FC18)] have been systematically investigated using Langmuir monolayer technique. Dipalmitoylphosphatidylglycerol (DPPG) is utilized as a phospholipid component in biomembranes. Surface pressure (π)–molecular area (A) and surface potential (ΔV)–A isotherms have been measured for the DPPG/FCn systems on 0.15 M NaCl (pH 2.0) at 298.2 K. From the isotherm results, two-dimensional phase diagrams are constructed and classified into miscible and immiscible patterns. Furthermore, the phase behavior of the DPPG/FCn systems has been morphologically examined using fluorescence microscopy (FM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). These images indicate different phases among the four systems. In particular, specific phase morphology is observed in the middle molar fraction range for the DPPG/FC14 system; FC14 is selectively excluded from mixed DPPG–FC14 monolayers to be concentrated in the phase boundary as surface pressure increases. Then DPPG is refined as a patched film. Moreover, the data obtained here are compared to those in the previous systems in which different kinds of phospholipids were treated. Through a series of the miscibility investigations, it is proposed that combinations of hydrophobic chain lengths and of polar headgroups contribute to the monolayer miscibility between phospholipids and perfluorocarboxylic acids.
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    ABSTRACT: The interaction of four long-chain nicotinates, compounds that are of interest as potential chemopreventive agents, with dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) was investigated in monolayers at the air-water interface and in fully hydrated bilayers. For the monolayer studies, the compression isotherms of mixtures of the respective nicotinate with DPPC were recorded at various compositions on a hydrochloric acid subphase (pH 1.9-2.1, 37 +/- 2 degrees C). The headgroup of the nicotinates (24-29 A2/molecule) is larger than that of the hydrophobic tail (20 A2/molecule). The pure nicotinates exhibit a temperature- and chain length-dependent transition from an expanded to a condensed phase. Analysis of the concentration dependence of the average molecular area at constant film pressure and the concentration dependence of the breakpoint of the phase transition from the expanded to the condensed state suggests that all four DPPC-nicotinate mixtures are partially miscible at the air-water interface. Although a complex phase behavior with several phase transitions was observed, differential scanning calorimetry studies of the four mixtures are also indicative of the partial miscibility of DPPC and the respective nicotinate. Overall, the complex phase behavior most likely results from the head-tail mismatch of the nicotinates and the geometric packing constraints in the two-component lipid bilayer.
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