Article

Lack of requirement of osteopontin for inflammation, bone erosion, and cartilage damage in the K/BxN model of autoantibody-mediated arthritis

Joslin Diabetes Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA.
Arthritis & Rheumatology (Impact Factor: 7.87). 08/2004; 50(8):2685-94. DOI: 10.1002/art.20381
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Osteopontin (OPN) is a secreted glycoprotein involved in a range of physiologic processes, including inflammation, immunity mediated by Th1 cells, and bone remodeling. It is expressed in the joints of rheumatoid arthritis patients and has been the subject of conflicting reports concerning its role in arthritis induced by antibodies against type II collagen. This study assessed the role of OPN in the K/BxN serum-transfer model of autoantibody-induced arthritis.
Expression of OPN gene transcripts was assessed by microarray analysis of ankle RNA taken at 6 time points after transfer of K/BxN serum. OPN-sufficient or OPN-deficient littermates backcrossed for 10 generations onto the C57BL/6 genetic background were given K/BxN serum. Arthritis severity was measured by ankle thickening and a clinical index. Hind limb sections were stained with hematoxylin and eosin or toluidine blue and scored for inflammation, cartilage damage, and bone erosion.
OPN messenger RNA transcripts progressively increased in ankle joints during the course of K/BxN serum-transferred arthritis. OPN-deficient mice receiving K/BxN serum developed arthritis with kinetics and clinical severity comparable with those of OPN-sufficient littermates. Histologic assessment of arthritic joints from OPN-deficient mice revealed synovial hyperplasia, pannus formation, mononuclear cell infiltration, bone erosion, cartilage damage at sites adjacent to and distal from pannus invasion, and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive multinucleated cells at sites of bone erosion. Histopathologic scoring demonstrated comparable levels of inflammation, cartilage damage, and bone erosion in OPN-sufficient and OPN-deficient mice.
OPN does not have a required role in inflammation, bone erosion, and cartilage damage in the K/BxN serum-transfer model.

0 Followers
 · 
195 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The role of endogenous glucocorticoids (GC) in the initiation and maintenance of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) remains unclear. We demonstrated previously that disruption of GC signalling in osteoblasts results in a profound attenuation of K/BxN serum-induced arthritis, a mouse model of RA. To determine whether or not the modulation of the inflammatory response by osteoblasts involves T cells, we studied the effects of disrupted osteoblastic GC-signalling in the T cell-dependent model of antigen-induced arthritis (AIA). Acute arthritis was induced in pre-immunised 11-week-old male 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 transgenic (tg) mice and their wild-type (WT) littermates by intra-articular injection of methylated bovine serum albumine (mBSA) into one knee joint. Knee diameter was measured every 1-2 days until euthanasia on day 14 post injection. In a separate experiment, arthritis was maintained for 28 days by weekly reinjections of mBSA. Tissues were analysed by histology, histomorphometry and microfocal-computed tomography. Serum cytokines levels were determined by multiplex suspension array. In both short and long term experiments, arthritis developed in tg and WT mice with no significant difference between both groups. Histological indices of inflammation, cartilage damage and bone erosion were similar in tg and WT mice. Bone volume and turnover at the contralateral tibia and systemic cytokine levels were not different. Acute murine AIA is not affected by a disruption in osteoblastic GC signalling. These data indicate that osteoblasts do not modulate the T cell-mediated inflammatory response via a GC-dependent pathway.
    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 02/2014; 15(1):31. DOI:10.1186/1471-2474-15-31 · 1.90 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective We recently reported an association of the SPP1 rs9138 and rs11439060 functional variants with the risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the association being greater in anti-citrullinated protein autoantibody (ACPA)-negative patients. We hypothesised that SPP1 may contribute to the severity of joint destruction in RA, specifically in the ACPA-negative population. Methods Patients with RA in the ESPOIR cohort underwent genotyping for SPP1 rs9138 and rs11439060. Radiographs of the hands and feet were obtained at the first visit and at 1- and 2-year follow-up. Association analyses were performed by ACPA status. A replication study of the relevant subset of the Leiden Early Arthritis Clinic (EAC) cohort was performed. Results In the ESPOIR cohort (652 patients), rs9138 was significantly associated with radiological progression of joint destruction at 2 years, the association being restricted to 358 ACPA-negative patients (p=0.034). In the replication study with the Leiden EAC cohort (273 ACPA-negative patients), rs4754, which is in complete linkage disequilibrium with rs9138, was significantly associated with joint damage progression in ACPA-negative patients at 2- and 7-year follow-up (p=0.019 and p=0.005, respectively). Combined analysis of the two cohorts revealed a 0.95-fold rate of joint destruction per year per minor allele (p=0.022). Conclusions The SPP1 rs9138 variant contributes to joint damage progression in ACPA-negative RA.
    Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 06/2014; 73(10). DOI:10.1136/annrheumdis-2014-205539 · 9.27 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The in vitro differentiation and immunosuppressive capacity of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from synovial fluid (SF-MSCs) and bone marrow extract (BM-MSCs) in an isogenic background of minipigs were comparatively analyzed in a collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mouse model of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The proliferation capacity and expression of pluripotent transcription factors (Oct3/4 and Sox2) were significantly (P<0.05) higher in SF-MSCs than in BM-MSCs. The differentiation capacity of SF-MSCs into adipocytes, osteocytes and neurocytes was significantly (P<0.05) lower than that of BM-MSCs, and the differentiation capacity of SF-MSCs into chondrocytes was significantly (P<0.05) higher than that of BM-MSCs. Systemic injection of BM- and SF-MSCs significantly (P<0.05) ameliorated the clinical symptoms of CIA mice, with SF-MSCs having significantly (P<0.05) higher clinical and histopathological recovery scores than BM-MSCs. Furthermore, the immunosuppressive properties of SF-MSCs in CIA mice were associated with increased levels of the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-10, and decreased levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-1β and osteoclast-related sRANKL. In conclusion, SF-MSCs exhibited eminent pluripotency and differentiation capacity into chondrocytes, addition to substantial in vivo immunosuppressive capacity by elevating IL-10 and reducing IL-1β levels in CIA mice. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    Experimental Cell Research 03/2015; 110. DOI:10.1016/j.yexcr.2015.03.015 · 3.37 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
63 Downloads
Available from
May 21, 2014