Astigmatism after small-incision dear corneal cataract extraction and intraocular lens implantation in children
ABSTRACT To investigate the magnitude of postoperative astigmatism in children having cataract extraction with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation through a 3.0 mm superior clear corneal incision.
Department of Ophthalmology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.
This retrospective chart review comprised all pediatric patients having cataract surgery with IOL implantation through a 3.0 mm clear corneal incision from 1997 to 2002. One hundred two eyes of 75 patients were included. All refractions were performed manually by an experienced pediatric ophthalmologist.
The mean postoperative retinoscopic cylinder in all patients was 0.63 diopter (D) (range 0.0 to 4.50 D) at 1 month, 0.40 D (range 0.0 to 1.75 D) at 6 months, and 0.51 D (range 0.0 to 2.50 D) at 1 year. Patients aged 0 to 36 months at the time of surgery had a mean postoperative cylinder of 0.22 D at 1 month, 0.03 D at 6 months, and 0.21 D at 1 year. Patients between 36 months and 6 years of age at surgery had a mean refractive cylinder of 0.50 D, 0.38 D, and 0.75 D, respectively. Patients older than 6 years at surgery had a mean refractive cylinder of 0.94 D, 0.75 D, and 0.76 D, respectively.
Small-incision clear corneal cataract extraction with IOL implantation in children led to minimal postoperative astigmatism that remained stable over time. Less astigmatism was observed in children having surgery before they were 36 months old.
SourceAvailable from: Muralidhar Ramappa[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To compare astigmatism with clear corneal incision versus scleral tunnel incision following paediatric cataract surgery with primary intraocular lens implantation. Retrospective, comparative case series of 218 eyes of 138 children <12 years of age undergoing cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation. The study cohorts were grouped into two categories based on incision location: group 1 comprising 108 eyes from 65 children with scleral incision; group 2 comprising 110 eyes from 73 children with clear corneal incision. Cycloplegic refraction was performed at 1, 3 and 6 months postoperatively. The mean age in group 1 was 61 ± 39 months and in group 2, 51 ± 41 months. The mean postoperative astigmatism in group 1 was 1.28 ± 0.97 D, 1.42 ± 1.00 D and 1.38 ± 0.98 D at 1, 3 and 6 months respectively. The change in astigmatism between 1 and 6 months was non-significant (p=0.26). The mean astigmatism in group 2 was 1.34 ± 1.20 D, 1.13 ± 0.88 D and 1.03 ± 0.89 D at 1, 3 and 6 months respectively. Astigmatism in group 2 decreased significantly with time (p<0.001). The amount of astigmatism was comparable between the two groups at 1 month postsurgery (p=0.90), while it was significantly lower in the corneal incision group at 3 (p=0.03) and 6 months (p=0.01). Postoperative astigmatism after paediatric cataract surgery by clear corneal incision was lower compared with scleral incision. However, the difference was small and clinically insignificant.The British journal of ophthalmology 06/2011; 96(3):386-9. DOI:10.1136/bjo.2011.202622 · 2.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The greatest concern in children with cataracts is irreversible visual loss. The timing of congenital cataract surgery is critical for the visual rehabilitation. Cataract surgery in children remains complex and challenging. The incidence of complications during or after operation is higher in children than adults. Some complications could be avoided by meticulous attention to surgical technique and postoperative care, and others were caused by more exuberant inflammatory response associated with surgery on an immature eye or the intrinsic eyes abnormalities. Utilizing of advanced techniques and timely applying topical corticosteroids and cycloplegic agents can reduce the occurrence of visual axis opacification. Operation on children with strabismus or nystagmus, and applying occlusion therapy on amblyopic eyes can balance the visual inputs to the two eyes. Diagnosis of glaucoma following congenital cataract surgery requires lifelong surveillance and continuous assessment of the problem. So cataract surgeries in children are not the end of journey, but one step on the long road to visual rehabilitation. This paper describes recent evidence from the literature regarding the advance of management after congenital cataract surgery.12/2012; 6(4):360-5. DOI:10.1007/s11684-012-0235-1
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ABSTRACT: Purpose To evaluate the effect of surgical factors on postoperative astigmatism in infants undergoing cataract extraction with or without intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Methods The Infant Aphakia Treatment Study is a multicenter clinical trial in which 114 infants with unilateral congenital cataracts were randomized to undergo cataract extraction with IOL placement or contact lens aphakic correction. Surgical videos were reviewed with regard to incision type and location, whether the incision was extended, the number of sutures placed, and technique of closure. Corneal astigmatism was measured using a handheld keratometer prior to surgery and at 1 year of age. Results Corneal astigmatism decreased from a mean of 1.92 D at baseline to 1.62 D at age 1 year in the contact lens group but remained almost unchanged from 2.00 D to 2.09 D in the IOL group (P = 0.023). There was no statistical difference between the amount of corneal astigmatism with regard to incision type (P = 0.214) and no increase in astigmatism with extension of the incision to facilitate IOL placement (P = 0.849) at 1 year. The number of sutures and technique of closure did not influence the amount of astigmatism at 1 year. Conclusions At the age of 1 year following cataract extraction in infants, contact lens correction and the lack of IOL placement are associated with a significant decrease in postoperative corneal astigmatism compared to IOL placement. No other surgical factors considered in this study had a statistically significant effect on corneal astigmatism.Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus 09/2014; 18(5). DOI:10.1016/j.jaapos.2014.06.016 · 1.14 Impact Factor