Novel catalytic mechanism of glycoside hydrolysis based on the structure of an NAD+/Mn2+ -dependent phospho-alpha-glucosidase from Bacillus subtilis.
ABSTRACT GlvA, a 6-phospho-alpha-glucosidase from Bacillus subtilis, catalyzes the hydrolysis of maltose-6'-phosphate and belongs to glycoside hydrolase family GH4. GH4 enzymes are unique in their requirement for NAD(H) and a divalent metal for activity. We have determined the crystal structure of GlvA in complex with its ligands to 2.05 A resolution. Analyses of the active site architecture, in conjunction with mechanistic studies and precedent from the nucleotide diphosphate hexose dehydratases and other systems, suggest a novel mechanism of glycoside hydrolysis by GlvA that involves both the NAD(H) and the metal.
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ABSTRACT: Structural bioinformatics approaches applied to the alpha- and beta-glycosidases from the GH4 enzyme family reveal that, despite low sequence identity, these enzymes possess quite similar global structural characteristics reflecting a common reaction mechanism. Locally, there are a few distinctive structural characteristics of GH4 alpha- and beta-glycosidases, namely, surface cavities with different geometric characteristics and two regions with highly dissimilar structural organizations and distinct physicochemical properties in the alpha- and beta-glucosidases from Thermotoga maritima. We suggest that these structurally dissimilar regions may be involved in specific protein-protein interactions and this hypothesis is sustained by the predicted distinct functional partners of the investigated proteins. Also, we predict that alpha- and beta-glycosidases from the GH4 enzyme family interact with difenoconazole, a fungicide, but there are different features of these interactions especially concerning the identified structurally distinct regions of the investigated proteins.Acta biochimica Polonica 12/2013; · 1.39 Impact Factor
- Australian Journal of Chemistry 01/2009; 62(6). · 1.64 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The role of calcium ion in the active site of the inverting glycoside hydrolase family 97 enzyme, BtGH97a, was investigated through structural and kinetic studies. The calcium ion was likely directly involved in the catalytic reaction. The pH dependence of kcat/Km values in the presence or absence of calcium ion indicated that the calcium ion lowered the pKa of the base catalyst. The significant decreases in kcat/Km for hydrolysis of substrates with basic leaving groups in the absence of calcium ion confirmed that the calcium ion facilitated the leaving group departure.FEBS Letters 08/2014; · 3.34 Impact Factor