Prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing in middle-aged Korean men and women.
ABSTRACT With many epidemiologic studies made to establish the prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in Western countries, no such data have been reported in Korea. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of SDB and OSAS, and their related factors in Korean adults aged 40-69 years. Among the total of 5,020 participants at the baseline examination of the Korean Health and Genome Study, a random sample of 457 men and women was studied with employment of overnight full polysomnography to determine the prevalence of SDB and OSAS. The prevalence of SDB (apnea-hypopnea index > or = 5) was 27% and 16% in men and women, respectively. When OSAS was defined by an apnea-hypopnea index > or = 5 plus excessive daytime sleepiness, its prevalence was 4.5% in men and 3.2% in women. Logistic regression analyses showed that sex, body mass index, and hypertension were closely associated with the risk of SDB. Our findings show that SDB is a common problem in the Korean adult population. Understanding and treatment of SDB may be essential in terms of intervention to reduce the risk of related medical problems.
SourceAvailable from: Lenise Jihe Kim[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Chronotype and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) appear to have a similar lifelong evolution, which could indicate a possible effect of morningness or eveningness in the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). The present study aimed to examine the prevalence of chronotypes in a representative sample of São Paulo city residents and to investigate the effect of chronotypes on the severity of OSA.Sleep And Breathing 10/2014; DOI:10.1007/s11325-014-1070-1 · 2.87 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We aimed to determine the association between psychomotor vigilance task (PVT) performance and sleep-related factors including sleep duration, daytime sleepiness, poor sleep quality, insomnia, and habitual snoring in a population-based sample. This was a cross-sectional analysis from the ongoing prospective cohort study, the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study. We measured PVT performance and documented demographics, sleep-related factors, life style, and medical conditions in community dwelling adults (N = 2499; mean age 57.1 ± 7.3; male 1259). Associations between PVT parameters and sleep-related factors were tested, adjusting for age, gender, smoking, alcohol use, education, body mass index, hypertension, diabetes, depression, and the interval between mid-sleep time and PVT test. High Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS, ≥8) was associated with slower mean reciprocal response speed (mean RRT) (3.69 ± 0.02 vs. 3.77 ± 0.01, p < 0.001), higher probability for increased lapses (≥4) (OR 1.48, CI 1.12-1.88, p = 0.001), and more negative RRT slope (-0.036 ± 0.002 vs. -0.030 ± 0.001, p = 0.02). Older age, female gender, low education level, depressive mood, and the interval between mid-sleep and PVT test were also associated with poor performance. Sleep duration, habitual snoring, insomnia, or poor sleep quality (the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index score > 5) was not related to PVT parameters. At the population level, our results revealed important modifiers of PVT performance, which included subjective reports of daytime sleepiness. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.Sleep Medicine 11/2014; 16(1). DOI:10.1016/j.sleep.2014.07.028 · 3.10 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The objective of this essay is to review the literatures and analyze papers and periodicals concerning this subject to declare the link between SDB and type 2 diabetes mellitus.06/2009, Degree: master, Supervisor: Mohammed El-Dosoky Abu-Shehata