[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There is strong evidence for a genetic contribution to epilepsy, but it is commonly assumed that this genetic contribution is limited to 'generalized' epilepsies, and that most forms of 'partial' epilepsy are nongenetic. In a linkage analysis of a single family containing 11 affected individuals, we obtained strong evidence for localization of a gene for partial epilepsy. This susceptibility gene maps to chromosome 10q, with a maximum two-point lod score for D10S192 of 3.99 at theta = 0.0. All affected individuals share a single haplotype for seven tightly linked contiguous markers; the maximum lod score for this haplotype is 4.83 at theta = 0.0. Key recombinants place the susceptibility locus within a 10 centimorgan interval.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of our study was to describe the clinical characteristics of sporadic (S) cases of partial epilepsy with auditory features (PEAF) and pinpoint clinical, prognostic and genetic differences with respect to previously reported familial (F) cases of autosomal dominant partial epilepsy with auditory features (ADPEAF). We analysed 53 patients (24 females and 29 males) with PEAF diagnosed according to the following criteria: partial epilepsy with auditory symptoms, negative family history for epilepsy and absence of cerebral lesions on NMR study. All patients underwent a full clinical, neuroradiological and neurophysiological examination. Forty patients were screened for mutations in LGI1/epitempin, which is involved in ADPEAF. Age at onset ranged from 6 to 39 years (average 19 years). Secondarily generalized seizures were the most common type of seizures at onset (79%). Auditory auras occurred either in isolation (53%) or associated with visual, psychic or aphasic symptoms. Low seizure frequency at onset and good drug responsiveness were common, with 51% of patients seizure-free. Seizures tended to recur after drug withdrawal. Clinically, no major differences were found between S and F patients with respect to age at onset, seizure frequency and response to therapy. Analysis of LGI1/epitempin exons failed to disclose mutations. Our data support the existence of a peculiar form of non-lesional temporal lobe epilepsy closely related to ADPEAF but without a positive family history. This syndrome, here named IPEAF, has a benign course in the majority of patients and could be diagnosed by the presence of auditory aura. Although LGI1 mutations have been excluded, genetic factors may play an aetiopathogenetic role in at least some of these S cases.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: [corrected] To describe the clinical and genetic findings of seven additional pedigrees with autosomal dominant lateral temporal epilepsy (ADLTE).
A personal and family history was obtained from each affected and unaffected member, along with a physical and neurologic examination. Routine and sleep EEGs, computed tomography (CT), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed in almost all the patients. DNAs from family members were typed with several microsatellite markers localized on either side of LGI1 at 10q24 and screened for LGI1 mutations.
The seven families included a total of 34 affected individuals (10 deceased). The age at onset ranged between 8 and 50 years (average, 22 years). Twenty-six patients had clear-cut focal (elementary, complex, or secondarily generalized) seizures, characterized by prominent auditory auras in 68% of the cases. Less frequent ictal symptoms were visual, psychic, or aphasic seizures, the latter occurring in isolation in one family. The attacks were rare and well controlled by antiepileptic drug treatment but recurred after drug discontinuation. Interictal EEGs were usually unrevealing. MRI or CT scans were negative. Analysis of LGI1/Epitempin exons failed to show mutations in three pedigrees. Linkage analysis strongly suggested exclusion of linkage in one of these families. We found two novel missense mutations, a T-->C substitution in exon 6 at position 598, and a T-->A transition in exon 8 at position 1295, the latter being detected in a family with aphasic seizures.
Our data confirm the inclusion of aphasic seizures within the ADLTE clinical spectrum, suggest the existence of locus heterogeneity in ADLTE, and provide new familial cases with LGI1 missense mutations associated with the disease.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.