Social cognitive theory of posttraumatic recovery: the role of perceived self-efficacy.

University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, Colorado Springs, CO 8093-7150, USA.
Behaviour Research and Therapy (Impact Factor: 3.85). 11/2004; 42(10):1129-48. DOI: 10.1016/j.brat.2003.08.008
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The present article integrates findings from diverse studies on the generalized role of perceived coping self-efficacy in recovery from different types of traumatic experiences. They include natural disasters, technological catastrophes, terrorist attacks, military combat, and sexual and criminal assaults. The various studies apply multiple controls for diverse sets of potential contributors to posttraumatic recovery. In these different multivariate analyses, perceived coping self-efficacy emerges as a focal mediator of posttraumatic recovery. Verification of its independent contribution to posttraumatic recovery across a wide range of traumas lends support to the centrality of the enabling and protective function of belief in one's capability to exercise some measure of control over traumatic adversity.

  • Source
    Psychology of Religion and Spirituality 01/2015; 7(1):34-45. DOI:10.1037/a0037994 · 1.76 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study tested a conceptual model merging anxiety buffer disruption and social– cognitive theories to predict persistent grief severity among students who lost a close friend, significant other, and/or professor/teacher in tragic university campus shootings. A regression-based path model tested posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptom severity 3 to 4 months postshooting (Time 1) as a predictor of grief severity 1 year postshootings (Time 2), both directly and indirectly through cognitive processes (self-efficacy and disrupted worldview). Results revealed a model that predicted 61% of the variance in Time 2 grief severity. Hypotheses were supported, demonstrating that Time 1 PTS severity indirectly, positively predicted Time 2 grief severity through undermining self-efficacy and more severely disrupting worldview. Findings and theoretical interpretation yield important insights for future research and clinical application. Keywords: grief, self-efficacy, worldview, PTSD, trauma, violence
    Psychological Trauma Theory Research Practice and Policy 01/2015; 7(2):179-186. DOI:10.1037/tra0000002 · 0.89 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the midst of the physical damage and collective stress created by natural disasters, individuals come to terms with their utter lack of control. In the process, a myriad of emotions are experienced, with many of them being negative in nature. Research suggests that during moderately challenging situations individuals experiencing negative emotions may engage in coping attempts to improve their emotional state. Consumption has been one strategy used by individuals to mitigate negative emotions. This research extends previous research by exploring whether such emotion regulation processes occur in extreme conditions such as natural disasters. Specifically, it examines the emotions experienced by individuals, the antecedents of these emotions, as well as how individuals regulate their emotions through consumption. A conceptual model is proposed and tested in Study 1 and findings are once again corroborated in a follow-up study. Implications for mitigating negative emotions and improving subjective well-being during extreme crisis situations are discussed.
    Psychology and Marketing 11/2014; 31(11). DOI:10.1002/mar.20744 · 1.13 Impact Factor


Available from